Nerve Growth Factor IB-like Receptors

Nerve growth factor IB-like receptors (nuclear hormone receptor 4A, NR4A) are a group of orphan nuclear receptors, comprising three members Nur77 (NR4A1), Nurr1 (NR4A2) and NOR1 (NR4A3). They are widely expressed and have a role in immune and energy regulation, as well as being implicated in a range of cancers.

Products
Background
Literature
Pathways
Gene Data

Agonists

Cat No Product Name / Activity
5459 Cytosporone B
High affinity Nur77 agonist
6376 DIM-C-pPhOCH3
Nur77 agonist
6017 THPN
Nur77 agonist; induces autophagy in melanoma cell lines

Antagonists

Cat No Product Name / Activity
6377 DIM-C-pPhOH
Nur77 antagonist

Activators

Cat No Product Name / Activity
5821 C-DIM 12
Nurr1 activator; inhibits NF-κB-dependent gene expression
5699 IP7e
Potent Nurr1 activator

NR4As are constitutively active and no endogenous ligands have been identified to date. The effects of these receptors are context and tissue dependent, and are governed by their expression levels, post-translational modification and interaction with other transcription factors.

NR4As are key regulators of inflammatory processes and immune homeostasis and are expressed at high levels in chronically inflamed tissues, such as in atherosclerosis, psoriasis, colitis or rheumatoid arthritis. They integrate and limit inflammatory signaling and promote tissue repair, so are potentially a target of interest for anti-inflammatory therapies. NR4A gene expression is regulated by NF-κB, but NR4As also have a regulatory feedback role controlling NF-κB activity and pro-inflammatory target gene expression by suppressing NF-κB transcriptional activity.

Cancer is another area in which NR4As are implicated. They have pro-angiogenic effects via the VEGF pathway, as well as affecting p53, MAPK and Wnt/β catenin pathways leading to anti-apoptotic and proliferative effects. NR4As are also involved in the DNA damage response, translocating to sites of dsDNA damage repair in a mechanism that is dependent on PARP-1. In addition NR4A2 receptors have been reported to be involved in inducing expression of enzymes associated with fatty acid oxidation in colon cancer cells, allowing cells to switch to alternative oxidative pathways so promoting cell survival.

NR4As are also important in lipid, carbohydrate and energy metabolism and may be of interest in dyslipidemia, obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. In muscle, adipose tissue and liver, NR4As are induced by β-adrenergic signaling, and are thought to transcriptionally regulate metabolic function. This effect is mediated by cAMP, protein kinase A, MAPK and cAMP response element-binding protein. In the liver, NR4As are also induced by glucagon and fasting, resulting in gluconeogenesis. Increased expression in liver also leads to reduced hepatic triglyceride content and reduced expression of SREBP-1c, a regulator of lipid and cholesterol metabolism. In brown adipose tissue NR4As may also be induced by cold and during adipogenesis, while in white adipose tissue, insulin and insulin sensitizers increase expression of these receptors. In addition, NR4As are induced by atherogenic stimuli, are expressed in atherosclerotic plaques and activated in smooth muscle cells by vascular disease.

External sources of pharmacological information for Nerve Growth Factor IB-like Receptors :

Literature for Nerve Growth Factor IB-like Receptors

Tocris offers the following scientific literature for Nerve Growth Factor IB-like Receptors to showcase our products. We invite you to request* or download your copy today!

*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.


Cancer

Cancer Research Product Guide

A collection of over 750 products for cancer research, the guide includes research tools for the study of:

  • Cancer Metabolism
  • Epigenetics in Cancer
  • Receptor Signaling
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Cardiovascular

Cardiovascular Research Product Guide

A collection of over 250 products for cardiovascular research, the guide includes research tools for the study of:

  • Hypertension
  • Thrombosis and Hemostasis
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  • Myocardial Infarction
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Immunology

Immunology Product Listing

A collection of over 190 products for immunology research, the guide includes research tools for the study of:

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Nuclear Receptors

Nuclear Receptors Product Listing

A collection of over 150 products for key nuclear receptors, the listing includes research tools for the study of:

  • Androgen Receptors
  • Estrogen Receptors
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  • Retinoid X Receptors
  • Vitamin D Receptors
MAPK Signaling

MAPK Signaling Scientific Review

MAP kinase signaling is integral to the regulation of numerous cellular processes such as proliferation and differentiation, and as a result is an important focus of cancer and immunology research. Updated for 2016, this review discusses the regulation of the MAPK pathway and properties of MAPK cascades. Compounds available from Tocris are listed.

Foundations of Immuno-oncology

Foundations of Immuno-oncology eBook

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Pathways for Nerve Growth Factor IB-like Receptors

MAPK

MAPK Signaling Pathway

The mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway evokes an intracellular signaling cascade in response to extracellular stimuli such as heat and stress. It can influence cell division, metabolism and survival.
NF-κB

NF-κB Signaling Pathway

NF-κB signaling plays an important role in inflammation, the innate and adaptive immune response and stress. Dysregulated signaling can occur in inflammatory and autoimmune diseases.

Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 4 Group A Member 1 Gene Data

Gene Species Gene Symbol Gene Accession No. Protein Accession No.
NR4A1 Human NR4A1 NM_001202233 P22736
Mouse Nr4a1 NM_010444 P12813
Rat Nr4a1 NM_024388 NP_077364
NR4A2 Human NR4A2 NM_006186 P43354
Mouse Nr4a2 NM_013613 Q06219
Rat Nr4a2 NM_019328 NP_062201
NR4A3 Human NR4A3 NM_006981 Q92570
Mouse Nr4a3 NM_015743 Q9QZB6
Rat Nr4a3 NM_031628 NP_113816