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Biological Activity for Kenpaullone
Kenpaullone is a GSK-3beta inhibitor (IC50 = 0.23 μM). Also inhibits cyclin dependent kinases (cdks) in the sub micromolar range (reported IC50 values are 0.4, 0.68-7 and 0.85 μM for cdk1, cdk2 and cdk5, respectively). Generates induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from somatic cells when used in combination with reprogramming factors; can replace Klf4.
Compound Libraries for Kenpaullone
Technical Data for Kenpaullone
|Storage||Store at RT|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
Solubility Data for Kenpaullone
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
|ethanol||1.64||5 with gentle warming|
Preparing Stock Solutions for Kenpaullone
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 327.18. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||3.06 mL||15.28 mL||30.56 mL|
|5 mM||0.61 mL||3.06 mL||6.11 mL|
|10 mM||0.31 mL||1.53 mL||3.06 mL|
|50 mM||0.06 mL||0.31 mL||0.61 mL|
References for Kenpaullone
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Buolamwini (2000) Cell cycle targets in novel anticancer drug discovery. Curr.Pharm.Des. 6 379 PMID: 10788588
Schultz et al (1999) Paullones, a series of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors: synthesis, evaluation of CDK1/cyclin B inhibition, and in vitro antitumor activity. J.Med.Chem. 42 2909 PMID: 10425100
Zaharevitz et al (1999) Discovery and initial characterization of the paullones, a novel class of small-molecule inhibitors of cyclin-dependent kinases. Cancer Res. 59 2566 PMID: 10363974
Lyssiotis et al (2009) Reprogramming of murine fibroblasts to induced pluripotent stem cells with chemical complementation of Klf4. Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A. 106 8912 PMID: 19447925
Jorda et al (2018) How selective are pharmacological inhibitors of cell-cycle-regulating cyclin-dependent kinases? J.Med.Chem. 61 9105 PMID: 30234987
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Keywords: Kenpaullone, Kenpaullone supplier, GSK-3β, GSK-3beta, inhibitors, inhibits, cdks, Potent, cyclin-dependent, kinase, GSK, Glycogen, Synthase, Kinase, 3, beta, Kinases, Cdk, Cyclin-Dependent, Protein, Carbohydrate, Metabolism, CDK1/cyclin, B, CDK2/cyclin, A, E, CDK5/cyclin/p35, stem, cells, Cyclin-dependent, Stem, Cell, Reprogramming, Non-selective, CDKs, 1398, Tocris Bioscience
2 Citations for Kenpaullone
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for Kenpaullone include:
Du et al (2015) Generation and expansion of highly pure motor neuron progenitors from human pluripotent stem cells. Nat Commun 6 6626 PMID: 25806427
Goonesekere et al (2014) A meta analysis of pancreatic microarray datasets yields new targets as cancer genes and biomarkers. PLoS One 9 e93046 PMID: 24740004
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.
Stem Cells Scientific Review
Written by Kirsty E. Clarke, Victoria B. Christie, Andy Whiting and Stefan A. Przyborski, this review provides an overview of the use of small molecules in the control of stem cell growth and differentiation. Key signaling pathways are highlighted, and the regulation of ES cell self-renewal and somatic cell reprogramming is discussed. Compounds available from Tocris are listed.
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a degenerative brain disease and the most common cause of dementia, affecting approximately 47 million people worldwide. Updated in 2015, this poster summarizes the structural and functional changes observed in the progression of this neurodegenerative disease, as well as classic AD drug targets.
Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric disorder that affects 1% of the worldwide population. This poster describes the neurobiology of Schizophrenia, as well as highlighting the genetic and environmental factors that play a fundamental role in the etiology of the disease. The current and emerging drug targets are also discussed.