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Immunosuppressive agent; blocks phagocytosis, cytokine production and proliferation of T and B cells. Non-competitively inhibits chymotrypsin-like activity of 20S proteasome; prevents degradation of IκBα, an endogenous blocker of NF-κB. Inhibits leukotriene B4 (LTB4) biosynthesis via inhibition of LTA4 hydrolase. Also inhibits farnesyltransferase and geranylgeranyltransferase I (IC50 values are 80 and 17 μM respectively) and displays antitumor activity against breast cancer in vivo.
|Storage||Desiccate at -20°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
|Solubility||Soluble in DMSO and in ethanol|
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Waring and Beaver (1996) Gliotoxin and related epipolythiodioxopiperazines. Gen.Pharmacol. 27 1311 PMID: 9304400
Fitzpatrick et al (2000) In vitro and in vivo effects of gliotoxin, a fungal metabolite: efficacy against dextran sodium sulfate-induced colitis in rats. Dig.Dis.Sci. 45 2327 PMID: 11258552
Vigushin et al (2004) Gliotoxin is a dual inhibitor of farnesyltransferase and geranylgeranyltransferase I with antitumour activity against breast cancer in vivo. Med.Oncol. 21 21 PMID: 15034210
König et al (2019) Gliotoxin from Aspergillus fumigatus abrogates leukotriene B4 formation through inhibition of leukotriene A4 hydrolase. Cell Chem.Biol. 26 524 PMID: 30745237
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Keywords: Gliotoxin, Gliotoxin supplier, inhibitors, 20S, proteasome, immunosuppressant, inhibits, NF-κB, NF-kappaB, NF-kB, cytokine, production, Farnesyltransferase, geranylgeranyltransferase, I, Proteinases, Proteases, Nuclear, Factor, Kappa, B, Cytokine, Signaling, Signalling, Post-translational, Modification, Aspergillin, Protein, Prenyltransferases, NF-kB/IkB, Proteasome, Modifications, Immunosuppressants, LTA4, Hydrolase, 2637, Tocris Bioscience
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Targeted Protein Degradation Research Product GuideNew
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