Antitumor antibiotic agent that inhibits DNA topoisomerase II. DNA intercalator that inhibits nucleic acid synthesis and induces apoptosis. Reduces intracellular tau levels.
|Storage||Desiccate at RT|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 579.99. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to solvent of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||1.72 mL||8.62 mL||17.24 mL|
|5 mM||0.34 mL||1.72 mL||3.45 mL|
|10 mM||0.17 mL||0.86 mL||1.72 mL|
|50 mM||0.03 mL||0.17 mL||0.34 mL|
The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.
References are publications that support the products' biological activity.
Skladanowski and Konopa (1993) Adriamycin and daunomycin induce programmed cell death (apoptosis) in tumour cells. Biochem.Pharmacol. 46 357 PMID: 8347161
Patel et al (1997) Identification of yeast DNA topoisomerase II mutants resistant to the antitumor drug doxorubicin: implications for the mechanisms of doxorubicin action and cyotoxicity. Mol.Pharmacol. 52 658 PMID: 9380029
Gewirtz (1999) A critical evaluation of the mechanisms of action proposed for the antitumor effects of the anthracycline antibiotics adriamycin and daunorubicin. Biochem.Pharmacol. 57 727 PMID: 10075079
Dickey et al (2006) Pharmacologic reductions of total tau levels; implications for the role of microtubule dynamics in regulating tau expression. Mol.Neurodegen. 1 6 PMID: 16930453
If you know of a relevant reference for Doxorubicin hydrochloride, please let us know.
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9 Citations for Doxorubicin hydrochloride
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for Doxorubicin hydrochloride include:
Montgomery (2017) An Alpha-1A Adrenergic Receptor Agonist Prevents Acute Doxorubicin Cardiomyopathy in Male Mice. Plos One 12 e0168409 PMID: 28081170
Bussey et al (2016) Targeting polo-like kinase 1, a regulator of p53, in the treatment of adrenocortical carcinoma. PLoS One 5 1 PMID: 26754547
Thomas et al (2016) The α-1A Adrenergic Receptor in the Rabbit Heart. Mol Syst Biol 11 e0155238 PMID: 27258143
Smyth et al (2015) Biodistribution and delivery efficiency of unmodified tumor-derived exosomes. J Control Release 199 145 PMID: 25523519
Zhitomirsky and Assaraf (2015) Lysosomal sequestration of hydrophobic weak base chemotherapeutics triggers lysosomal biogenesis and lysosome-dependent cancer multidrug resistance. Clin Transl Med 6 1143 PMID: 25544758
Sundaresan et al (2014) Dual-responsive polymer-coated iron oxide nanoparticles for drug delivery and imaging applications. Int J Pharm 466 1 PMID: 24607216
Toldo et al (2013) Comparative cardiac toxicity of anthracyclines in vitro and in vivo in the mouse. PLoS One 8 e58421 PMID: 23516478
Robinson et al (2013) RB1 status in triple negative breast cancer cells dictates response to radiation treatment and selective therapeutic drugs. PLoS One 8 e78641 PMID: 24265703
Natrajan et al (2012) Functional characterization of the 19q12 amplicon in grade III breast cancers. Breast Cancer Res 14 R53 PMID: 22433433
Do you know of a great paper that uses Doxorubicin hydrochloride from Tocris? If so please let us know.
Literature in this Area
Cell Cycle & DNA Damage Repair Poster
In normal cells, each stage of the cell cycle is tightly regulated, however in cancer cells many genes and proteins that are involved in the regulation of the cell cycle are mutated or over expressed. Adapted from the 2015 Cancer Product Guide, Edition 3, this poster summarizes the stages of the cell cycle and DNA repair. It also highlights strategies for enhancing replicative stress in cancer cells to force mitotic catastrophe and cell death.