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CHIR 99021 trihydrochloride
Biological Activity for CHIR 99021 trihydrochloride
CHIR 99021 trihydrochloride is a hydrochloride salt of CHIR 99021 (Cat. No. 4423), a highly selective GSK-3 inhibitor.
External Portal Information for CHIR 99021 trihydrochloride
Chemicalprobes.org is a portal that offers independent guidance on the selection and/or application of small molecules for research. The use of CHIR 99021 is reviewed on the chemical probes website.
Technical Data for CHIR 99021 trihydrochloride
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
Solubility Data for CHIR 99021 trihydrochloride
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions for CHIR 99021 trihydrochloride
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 574.72. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|0.5 mM||3.48 mL||17.4 mL||34.8 mL|
|2.5 mM||0.7 mL||3.48 mL||6.96 mL|
|5 mM||0.35 mL||1.74 mL||3.48 mL|
|25 mM||0.07 mL||0.35 mL||0.7 mL|
Product Datasheets for CHIR 99021 trihydrochloride
References for CHIR 99021 trihydrochloride
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Pan et al (2011) AKT kinase activity is required for Li to modulate mood-related behaviors in mice. Neuropsychopharmacology 36 1397 PMID: 21389981
Ring et al (2003) Selective glycogen synthase kinase 3 inhibitors potentiate Ins activation of glucose transport and utilization in vitro and in vivo. Diabetes 52 588 PMID: 12606497
Ye et al (2012) Pleiotropy of glycogen synthase kinase-3 inhibition by CHIR99021 promotes self-renewal of embyronic stem cells from refractory mouse strains. PLoS One 7 e35892 PMID: 22540008
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4 Citations for CHIR 99021 trihydrochloride
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for CHIR 99021 trihydrochloride include:
Judson et al (2018) Inhibition of methyltransferase Setd7 allows in vitro expansion of myogenic stem cells with improved therapetic potential. Cell Stem Cell 22 177 PMID: 29395054
Modic et al (2019) Cross-Regulation between TDP-43 and Paraspeckles Promotes Pluripotency-Differentiation Transition. Mol Cell 74 951 PMID: 31047794
Ward and Gilad (2019) A generally conserved response to hypoxia in iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes from humans and chimpanzees. Elife 8 PMID: 30958265
Montefiori et al (2018) A promoter interaction map for cardiovascular disease genetics. Elife 7 PMID: 29988018
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.
Stem Cells Scientific Review
Written by Kirsty E. Clarke, Victoria B. Christie, Andy Whiting and Stefan A. Przyborski, this review provides an overview of the use of small molecules in the control of stem cell growth and differentiation. Key signaling pathways are highlighted, and the regulation of ES cell self-renewal and somatic cell reprogramming is discussed. Compounds available from Tocris are listed.
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a degenerative brain disease and the most common cause of dementia, affecting approximately 47 million people worldwide. Updated in 2015, this poster summarizes the structural and functional changes observed in the progression of this neurodegenerative disease, as well as classic AD drug targets.
Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric disorder that affects 1% of the worldwide population. This poster describes the neurobiology of Schizophrenia, as well as highlighting the genetic and environmental factors that play a fundamental role in the etiology of the disease. The current and emerging drug targets are also discussed.