CHIR 99021 trihydrochloride
Hydrochloride salt of CHIR 99021 (Cat. No. 4423), a highly selective GSK-3 inhibitor.
External Portal Information
Chemicalprobes.org is a portal that offers independent guidance on the selection and/or application of small molecules for research. The use of CHIR 99021 is reviewed on the chemical probes website.
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 574.72. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to solvent of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||1.74 mL||8.7 mL||17.4 mL|
|5 mM||0.35 mL||1.74 mL||3.48 mL|
|10 mM||0.17 mL||0.87 mL||1.74 mL|
|50 mM||0.03 mL||0.17 mL||0.35 mL|
References are publications that support the products' biological activity.
Pan et al (2011) AKT kinase activity is required for lithium to modulate mood-related behaviors in mice. Neuropsychopharmacology 36 1397 PMID: 21389981
Ring et al (2003) Selective glycogen synthase kinase 3 inhibitors potentiate insulin activation of glucose transport and utilization in vitro and in vivo. Diabetes 52 588 PMID: 12606497
Ye et al (2012) Pleiotropy of glycogen synthase kinase-3 inhibition by CHIR99021 promotes self-renewal of embyronic stem cells from refractory mouse strains. PLoS One 7 e35892 PMID: 22540008
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1 Citation for CHIR 99021 trihydrochloride
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for CHIR 99021 trihydrochloride include:
Judson et al (2018) Inhibition of methyltransferase Setd7 allows in vitro expansion of myogenic stem cells with improved therapetic potential. Cell Stem Cell 22 177 PMID: 29395054
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* or download your copy today!
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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a degenerative brain disease and the most common cause of dementia, affecting approximately 47 million people worldwide. Updated in 2015, this poster summarizes the structural and functional changes observed in the progression of this neurodegenerative disease, as well as classic AD drug targets.
Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric disorder that affects 1% of the worldwide population. This poster describes the neurobiology of Schizophrenia, as well as highlighting the genetic and environmental factors that play a fundamental role in the etiology of the disease. The current and emerging drug targets are also discussed.