Cell-permeable, allosteric activator of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Augments proliferation, differentiation and mineralization of osteoblastic MC3T3-EI cells and attenuates psychosine-induced expression of proinflammatory cytokines and iNOS in astrocytes. Promotes osteogenic differentiation of hAMSCs and BM-MSCs in vitro.
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 258.23. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to solvent of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||3.87 mL||19.36 mL||38.73 mL|
|5 mM||0.77 mL||3.87 mL||7.75 mL|
|10 mM||0.39 mL||1.94 mL||3.87 mL|
|50 mM||0.08 mL||0.39 mL||0.77 mL|
The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.
References are publications that support the products' biological activity.
Giri et al (2004) 5-Aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-β-4-ribofuranoside inhibits proinflammatory response in glial cells: a possible role of AMP-activated protein kinase. J.Neurosci. 24 479 PMID: 14724246
Kanazawa et al (2007) Adiponectin and AMP kinase activator stimulate proliferation, differentiation and mineralization of osteoblastic MC3T3-EI cells. BMC Cell Biol. 8 51 PMID: 18047638
Giri et al (2008) The role of AMPK in psychosine mediated effects on oligodendrocytes and astrocytes: Implication for Krabbe disease. J.Neurochem. 105 1820 PMID: 18248608
Wu et al (2011) AICAR, a small chemical molecule, primes osteogenic differentiation of adult mesenchymal stem cells. Int.J.Artif.Organs. 34 1128 PMID: 22198598
If you know of a relevant reference for AICAR, please let us know.
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Keywords: AMPK activators AMP-Activated Protein Kinases Enzyme Substrates AMPK
11 Citations for AICAR
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for AICAR include:
Mo et al (2015) Cellular energy stress induces AMPK-mediated regulation of YAP and the Hippo pathway. Nat Cell Biol 17 500 PMID: 25751140
Jurmeister et al (2014) Transcriptomic analysis reveals inhibition of androgen receptor activity by AMPK in prostate cancer cells. Oncotarget 5 3785 PMID: 25003216
Mohseni et al (2014) A genetic screen identifies an LKB1-MARK signalling axis controlling the Hippo-YAP pathway. PLoS One 16 108 PMID: 24362629
Fong et al (2013) Moderate excess of pyruvate augments osteoclastogenesis. Biol Open 2 387 PMID: 23616923
Seto et al (2013) Acute simvastatin inhibits K ATP channels of porcine coronary artery myocytes. FASEB J 8 e66404 PMID: 23799098
Taub et al (2013) Distinct energy requirements for human memory CD4 T-cell homeostatic functions. BMC Cancer 27 342 PMID: 22972918
Yung et al (2013) Activation of AMPK inhibits cervical cancer cell growth through AKT/FOXO3a/FOXM1 signaling cascade. Stem Cells Transl Med 13 327 PMID: 23819460
Hutchins et al (2013) Calcium release-dependent actin flow in the leading process mediates axophilic migration. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 33 11361 PMID: 23843509
Terry et al (2012) Human kinome profiling identifies a requirement for AMP-activated protein kinase during human cytomegalovirus infection. Nat Cell Biol 109 3071 PMID: 22315427
Creighton et al (2011) Adenosine monophosphate-activated kinase alpha1 promotes endothelial barrier repair. FASEB J 25 3356 PMID: 21680893
Bumpus and Johnson (2011) 5-Aminoimidazole-4-carboxyamide-ribonucleoside (AICAR)-stimulated hepatic expression of Cyp4a10, Cyp4a14, Cyp4a31, and other peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α-responsive mouse genes is AICAR 5'-monophosphate-dependent and AMP-activated Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 339 886 PMID: 21896918
Do you know of a great paper that uses AICAR from Tocris? If so please let us know.