AICAR

Pricing Availability Delivery Time Qty
Cat.No. 2840 - AICAR | C9H14N4O5 | CAS No. 2627-69-2
Description: AMPK activator
Chemical Name: N1-(β-D-Ribofuranosyl)-5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide
Purity: ≥99% (HPLC)
Datasheet
Citations (11)
Literature
Pathways

Biological Activity

Cell-permeable, allosteric activator of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Augments proliferation, differentiation and mineralization of osteoblastic MC3T3-EI cells and attenuates psychosine-induced expression of proinflammatory cytokines and iNOS in astrocytes. Promotes osteogenic differentiation of hAMSCs and BM-MSCs in vitro.

Compound Libraries

AICAR is also offered as part of the Tocriscreen Plus and Tocriscreen Stem Cell Toolbox. Find out more about compound libraries available from Tocris.

Technical Data

M. Wt 258.23
Formula C9H14N4O5
Storage Store at -20°C
Purity ≥99% (HPLC)
CAS Number 2627-69-2
PubChem ID 17513
InChI Key RTRQQBHATOEIAF-UUOKFMHZSA-N
Smiles O[C@@H]1[C@@H](CO)O[C@@H](N2C=NC(C(N)=O)=C2N)[C@@H]1O

The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.

Solubility Data

Solvent Max Conc. mg/mL Max Conc. mM
Solubility
DMSO 19.37 75
water 19.37 75

Preparing Stock Solutions

The following data is based on the product molecular weight 258.23. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to solvent of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.

Select a batch to recalculate based on the batch molecular weight:
Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 3.87 mL 19.36 mL 38.73 mL
5 mM 0.77 mL 3.87 mL 7.75 mL
10 mM 0.39 mL 1.94 mL 3.87 mL
50 mM 0.08 mL 0.39 mL 0.77 mL

Molarity Calculator

Calculate the mass, volume, or concentration required for a solution.
=
x
x
g/mol

*When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and SDS / CoA (available online).

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

=
÷

Dilution Calculator

Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution.
x
=
x

Product Datasheets

Certificate of Analysis / Product Datasheet
Select another batch:
Safety Datasheet

References

References are publications that support the products' biological activity.

Giri et al (2004) 5-Aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-β-4-ribofuranoside inhibits proinflammatory response in glial cells: a possible role of AMP-activated protein kinase. J.Neurosci. 24 479 PMID: 14724246

Kanazawa et al (2007) Adiponectin and AMP kinase activator stimulate proliferation, differentiation and mineralization of osteoblastic MC3T3-EI cells. BMC Cell Biol. 8 51 PMID: 18047638

Giri et al (2008) The role of AMPK in psychosine mediated effects on oligodendrocytes and astrocytes: Implication for Krabbe disease. J.Neurochem. 105 1820 PMID: 18248608

Wu et al (2011) AICAR, a small chemical molecule, primes osteogenic differentiation of adult mesenchymal stem cells. Int.J.Artif.Organs. 34 1128 PMID: 22198598


If you know of a relevant reference for AICAR, please let us know.

View Related Products by Product Action

View all AMPK Activators

Keywords: AMPK activators AMP-Activated Protein Kinases Enzyme Substrates AMPK

11 Citations for AICAR

Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for AICAR include:

Mo et al (2015) Cellular energy stress induces AMPK-mediated regulation of YAP and the Hippo pathway. Nat Cell Biol 17 500 PMID: 25751140

Jurmeister et al (2014) Transcriptomic analysis reveals inhibition of androgen receptor activity by AMPK in prostate cancer cells. Oncotarget 5 3785 PMID: 25003216

Mohseni et al (2014) A genetic screen identifies an LKB1-MARK signalling axis controlling the Hippo-YAP pathway. PLoS One 16 108 PMID: 24362629

Fong et al (2013) Moderate excess of pyruvate augments osteoclastogenesis. Biol Open 2 387 PMID: 23616923

Seto et al (2013) Acute simvastatin inhibits K ATP channels of porcine coronary artery myocytes. FASEB J 8 e66404 PMID: 23799098

Taub et al (2013) Distinct energy requirements for human memory CD4 T-cell homeostatic functions. BMC Cancer 27 342 PMID: 22972918

Yung et al (2013) Activation of AMPK inhibits cervical cancer cell growth through AKT/FOXO3a/FOXM1 signaling cascade. Stem Cells Transl Med 13 327 PMID: 23819460

Hutchins et al (2013) Calcium release-dependent actin flow in the leading process mediates axophilic migration. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 33 11361 PMID: 23843509

Terry et al (2012) Human kinome profiling identifies a requirement for AMP-activated protein kinase during human cytomegalovirus infection. Nat Cell Biol 109 3071 PMID: 22315427

Creighton et al (2011) Adenosine monophosphate-activated kinase alpha1 promotes endothelial barrier repair. FASEB J 25 3356 PMID: 21680893

Bumpus and Johnson (2011) 5-Aminoimidazole-4-carboxyamide-ribonucleoside (AICAR)-stimulated hepatic expression of Cyp4a10, Cyp4a14, Cyp4a31, and other peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α-responsive mouse genes is AICAR 5'-monophosphate-dependent and AMP-activated Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 339 886 PMID: 21896918


Do you know of a great paper that uses AICAR from Tocris? If so please let us know.

Commented out for usability testing

Reviews

TODO: Add Reviews

Literature in this Area

Kinases

Kinases Product Listing

A collection of over 400 products for kinase research, the listing includes inhibitors of:

  • Receptor Tyrosine Kinases
  • Protein Kinases A, C, D and G
  • PI-3 Kinase, Akt and mTOR
  • MAPK Signaling
  • Receptor Serine/Threonine Kinases

Pathways for AICAR

AMPK

AMPK Signaling Pathway

AMPK signaling pathway plays an important role in the cellular reponse to low levels of available ATP, often caused by stresses such as heat shock, ischemia or hypoxia.

Protocols

TODO: Add Protocols