ATM and ATR Kinases

ATM (Ataxia telangiectasia mutated) and ATR (Ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3 related) are closely related kinases that are activated by DNA damage. They are serine-threonine protein kinases which are part of the phosphatidylinositol 3' kinase-like kinase (PIKK) enzyme family.

Products
Background
Literature
Gene Data

Inhibitors

Cat No Product Name / Activity
5198 AZ 20
Potent and selective ATR kinase inhibitor; antitumor
3544 KU 55933
Potent and selective ATM kinase inhibitor
4176 KU 60019
Potent ATM kinase inhibitor
3190 Mirin
MRN-ATM pathway inhibitor

ATM (Ataxia telangiectasia mutated) and ATR (Ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3 related) are closely related kinases that are activated by DNA damage. These serine-threonine protein kinases are part of the phosphatidylinositol 3' kinase-like kinase (PIKK) family.

Upon recruitment by the DNA damage binding proteins/complexes (ATRIP for ATR; MRN for ATM), ATM/ATR initiate the DNA damage checkpoint by phosphorylating a number of key proteins. Once activated, the checkpoint leads to cell cycle arrest and either DNA repair or apoptosis. ATM is activated by double stranded breaks and phosphorylates Chk2, whilst ATR is activated by single strand breaks and phosphorylates Chk1.

Literature for ATM and ATR Kinases

Cancer

Cancer Research Product Guide

A collection of over 750 products for cancer research, the guide includes research tools for the study of:

  • Cancer Metabolism
  • Epigenetics in Cancer
  • Receptor Signaling
  • Cell Cycle and DNA Damage Repair
  • Angiogenesis
  • Invasion and Metastasis
Kinases

Kinases Product Listing

A collection of over 400 products for kinase research, the listing includes inhibitors of:

  • Receptor Tyrosine Kinases
  • Protein Kinases A, C, D and G
  • PI-3 Kinase, Akt and mTOR
  • MAPK Signaling
  • Receptor Serine/Threonine Kinases
Cell Cycle & DNA Damage Repair

Cell Cycle & DNA Damage Repair Poster

In normal cells, each stage of the cell cycle is tightly regulated, however in cancer cells many genes and proteins that are involved in the regulation of the cell cycle are mutated or over expressed. Adapted from the 2015 Cancer Product Guide, Edition 3, this poster summarizes the stages of the cell cycle and DNA repair. It also highlights strategies for enhancing replicative stress in cancer cells to force mitotic catastrophe and cell death.

ATM and ATR Kinase Gene Data

Gene Species Gene Symbol Gene Accession No. Protein Accession No.
ATR Human ATR NM_001184 Q13535
Mouse Atr NM_019864 Q9JKK8
ATM Human ATM NM_000051 Q13315
Mouse Atm NM_007499 Q62388
Rat Atm NM_001106821 NP_001100291