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This is intended as a guide only; for full experimental details please read the reference provided.
Yang et al. describe a protocol for the generation of extended pluripotent stem (EPS) cells with the potential to give rise to both embryonic and extraembryonic cell lineages in vivo. hPSCs were seeded onto MEF feeder layers and cultured in conventional hPSC medium. The medium was then changed to LDCM-containing medium resulting in the conversion and long-term maintenance of dome-shaped colonies of EPS cells. Derived EPS cells had the ability to differentiate into all three embryonic germ layers, showed genome stability after more than 50 passages, and had transcriptomic features distinct from mouse ESCs or naive hPSCs. The LCDM condition was also used to derive EPS from human or mouse blastocysts, and from human embryonic fibroblasts. A single mouse EPS cell injected into an 8-cell stage mouse embryo differentiated to both the trophoectoderm and inner cell mass.
|2i Medium (mouse ESC)||hPSC Medium (human PSCs)||N2B27-LCDM Medium|
|Y-27632 (Cat.No. 1254)||10 μM||Y-27632 (Cat.No. 1254)||10 μM||hLIF||10 ng/ml|
|CHIR 99021 (Cat.No. 4423)||1 μM|
|(S)-(+)-Dimethindene maleate (Cat.No. 1425)||2 μM|
|Minocycline hydrochloride (Cat.No. 3268)||2 μM|
|endo-IWR 1 (Cat.No. 3532)||0.5 - 1 μM|
|Y-27632 (Cat.No. 1254)||2 μM|