Valproic acid, sodium salt
Histone deacetylase inhibitor (IC50 = 400 μM) that exhibits anticancer, anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects. Displays anticonvulsive activity via an increase in GABA levels and decreases Aβ production in animal models of Alzheimer's disease. Also attenuates NMDA-mediated excitation, blocks voltage-gated Na+ channels and modulates firing of neurons. Enables induction of pluripotent stem cells from somatic cells by Oct4 and Sox2. Can induce autophagy by inhibiting inositol synthesis.
Valproic acid, sodium salt is also offered as part of the Tocriscreen Plus, Tocriscreen Epigenetics Toolbox and Tocriscreen Stem Cell Toolbox. Find out more about compound libraries available from Tocris.
|Storage||Desiccate at RT|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 166.19. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to solvent of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||6.02 mL||30.09 mL||60.17 mL|
|5 mM||1.2 mL||6.02 mL||12.03 mL|
|10 mM||0.6 mL||3.01 mL||6.02 mL|
|50 mM||0.12 mL||0.6 mL||1.2 mL|
The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.
References are publications that support the products' biological activity.
Phiel et al (2001) Histone deacetylase is a direct target of valproic acid, a potent anticonvulsant, mood stabilizer, and teratogen. J.Biol.Chem. 276 36734 PMID: 11473107
Kostrouchova et al (2007) Valproic acid, a molecular lead to multiple regulatory pathways. Folia Biologica 53 37 PMID: 17448293
Kim et al (2007) Histone deacetylase inhibitors exhibit anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects in a rat permanent ischemic model of stroke: multiple mechanisms of action. J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther. 321 892 PMID: 17371805
Qing et al (2008) Valproic acid inhibits Aβ production, neuritic plaque formation, and behavioural defects in Alzheimer's disease mouse models. J.Exp.Med. 205 2781 PMID: 18955571
Huangfu et al (2008) Induction of pluripotent stem cells from primary human fibroblasts with only Oct4 and Sox2. Nat.Biotechnol. 26 1269 PMID: 18849973
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Keywords: Histone deacetylases inhibitors inhibits Increases GABA levels anticonvulsant HDAC GABAA GABAC Receptors GABAB stem cells epigenetics VPA Sodium Valproate Histone Deacetylases
2 Citations for Valproic acid, sodium salt
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for Valproic acid, sodium salt include:
Chen et al (2015) Overexpression of the type 1 adenylyl cyclase in the forebrain leads to deficits of behavioral inhibition. Nat Commun 35 339 PMID: 25568126
Wang et al (2014) The interplay between histone deacetylases and c-Myc in the transcriptional suppression of HPP1 in colon cancer. Cancer Biol Ther 15 1198 PMID: 24919179
Do you know of a great paper that uses Valproic acid, sodium salt from Tocris? If so please let us know.
Literature in this Area
Epigenetics Scientific Review
Written by Susanne Müller-Knapp and Peter J. Brown, this review gives an overview of the development of chemical probes for epigenetic targets, as well as the impact of these tool compounds being made available to the scientific community. In addition, their biological effects are also discussed. Epigenetic compounds available from Tocris are listed.
Epigenetics Research Bulletin
Produced by Tocris and updated in 2014, the epigenetics research bulletin gives an introduction into mechanisms of epigenetic regulation, and highlights key Tocris products for epigenetics targets including:
- DNA Methyltransferases
- Histone Deacetylases
- Histone Demethylases
- Histone Methyltransferases
Major depressive disorder is characterized by depressed mood and a loss of interest and/or pleasure. Updated in 2015 this poster highlights presynaptic and postsynaptic targets for the potential treatment of major depressive disorder, as well as outlining the pharmacology of currently approved antidepressant drugs.