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Biological Activity for (S)-(+)-Ketamine hydrochloride
(S)-(+)-Ketamine hydrochloride is a NMDA receptor antagonist. Displays neuroprotective efficacy in vitro.
Racemate also available.
Technical Data for (S)-(+)-Ketamine hydrochloride
|Storage||Store at RT|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
Solubility Data for (S)-(+)-Ketamine hydrochloride
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions for (S)-(+)-Ketamine hydrochloride
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 274.19. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||3.65 mL||18.24 mL||36.47 mL|
|5 mM||0.73 mL||3.65 mL||7.29 mL|
|10 mM||0.36 mL||1.82 mL||3.65 mL|
|50 mM||0.07 mL||0.36 mL||0.73 mL|
Product Datasheets for (S)-(+)-Ketamine hydrochloride
References for (S)-(+)-Ketamine hydrochloride
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Ryder et al (1978) Comparative pharmacology of the optical isomers of KA in mice. Eur.J.Pharmacol. 49 15 PMID: 658124
Proescholdt et al (2001) Neuroprotection of S(+) KA isomer in global forebrain ischemia. Brain Res. 904 245 PMID: 11406122
Benrath et al (2005) Low dose of S(+)-KA prevents long-term potentiation in pain pathways under strong opioid analgesia in the rat spinal cord in vivo. Br.J.Anaesth. 95 518 PMID: 16113037
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Citations for (S)-(+)-Ketamine hydrochloride
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* your copy today!
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The key feature of drug addiction is the inability to stop using a drug despite clear evidence of harm. This poster describes the brain circuits associated with addiction, and provides an overview of the main classes of addictive drugs and the neurotransmitter systems that they target.
Major depressive disorder is characterized by depressed mood and a loss of interest and/or pleasure. Updated in 2015 this poster highlights presynaptic and postsynaptic targets for the potential treatment of major depressive disorder, as well as outlining the pharmacology of currently approved antidepressant drugs.