PD 0325901

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Description: Potent inhibitor of MEK1/2
Alternative Names: PD325901
Chemical Name: N-[(2R)-2,3-Dihydroxypropoxy]-3,4-difluoro-2-[(2-fluoro-4-iodophenyl)amino]-benzamide
Purity: ≥99% (HPLC)
Citations (46)
Reviews (7)
Protocols (3)
Literature (1)
Pathways (1)

Biological Activity for PD 0325901

PD 0325901 is a potent MEK1 and MEK2 inhibitor. PD 0325901 inhibits MEK activity in mouse colon 26 cells (IC50 = 0.33 nM). PD 0325901 inhibits the growth of melanoma cell lines in vitro and in vivo; induces G1-phase cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in a mouse xenograft model. PD 0325901 also inhibits production of proangiogenic cytokines such as VEGF. PD 0325901 enhances generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). PD 0325901 in combination with Vitamin C sustains mouse ES cells at an undifferentiated and hypomethylated state. PD 0325901 promotes myelin recovery in drug-induced demyelination in vivo in mice model. Orally active.

For more information about how PD 0325901 may be used, see our protocols: Culturing Transcriptomically Distinct Pluripotent mESCs, Highly Efficient Generation of CiPSCs from MEFs, Accelerated Induction of Cortical Neurons from hiPSCs.

Licensing Information

Sold for research purposes under agreement from Pfizer Inc.

Technical Data for PD 0325901

M. Wt 482.19
Formula C16H14F3IN2O4
Storage Store at -20°C
Purity ≥99% (HPLC)
CAS Number 391210-10-9
PubChem ID 9826528
Smiles FC1=CC(I)=CC=C1NC2=C(C(NOC[C@H](O)CO)=O)C=CC(F)=C2F

The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.

Solubility Data for PD 0325901

Solvent Max Conc. mg/mL Max Conc. mM
DMSO 12.05 25

Preparing Stock Solutions for PD 0325901

The following data is based on the product molecular weight 482.19. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.

Select a batch to recalculate based on the batch molecular weight:
Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
0.25 mM 8.3 mL 41.48 mL 82.95 mL
1.25 mM 1.66 mL 8.3 mL 16.59 mL
2.5 mM 0.83 mL 4.15 mL 8.3 mL
12.5 mM 0.17 mL 0.83 mL 1.66 mL

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Product Datasheets for PD 0325901

Certificate of Analysis / Product Datasheet
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References for PD 0325901

References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.

Barrett et al (2008) The discovery of the benzhydroxamate MEK inhibitors CI-1040 and PD 0325901. Bioorg.Med.Chem.Lett. 18 6501 PMID: 18952427

Ciuffreda et al (2009) Growth-inhibitor and antiangiogenic activity of the MEK inhibitor PD0325901 in malignant melanoma with or without BRAF mutations. Neoplasia 11 720 PMID: 19649202

Sebolt-Leopold et al (2004) The biological profile of PD 0325901: a second generation analog of CI-1040 with improved pharmaceutical potential. Proc.Amer.Assoc.Cancer Res. 45 925

Lin et al (2009) A chemical platform for improved induction of human iPSCs. Nat.Methods. 6 805 PMID: 19838168

Koehler et al (2014) 3D mouse embryonic stem cell culture for generating inner ear organoids. Nat.Protoc. 9 1299 PMID: 24784820

Li et al (2018) An alternative culture method to maintain genomic hypomethylation of mouse embryonic stem cells using MEK inhibitor PD0325901 and vitamin C. J.Vis.Exp. 136 56391 PMID: 29912180

Suo et al (2019) Inhibition of MAPK/ERK pathway promotes oligodendrocytes generation and recovery of demyelinating diseases. Glia 67 1320 PMID: 30815939

If you know of a relevant reference for PD 0325901, please let us know.

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Keywords: PD 0325901, PD 0325901 supplier, pfizer, PD0325901, PD325901, mek1, mek2, mkk1, mkk2, mapk, signalling, signaling, selective, inhibitors, inhibits, proapoptotic, organoids, myelin, apoptosis, apoptotic, MEK, Stem, Cell, Reprogramming, Organoids, 4192, Tocris Bioscience

46 Citations for PD 0325901

Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for PD 0325901 include:

Jun et al (2017) Derivation of Pluripotent Stem Cells with In Vivo Embryonic and Extraembryonic Potency. Cell 169 243-257.e25 PMID: 28388409

Jullien et al (2017) Gene Resistance to Transcriptional Reprogramming following Nuclear Transfer Is Directly Mediated by Multiple Chromatin-Repressive Pathways. Mol Cell 65 873 PMID: 28257702

Zawily et al (2016) The intrinsically kinase-inactive EPHB6 receptor predisposes cancer cells to DR5-induced apoptosis by promoting mitochondrial fragmentation. Oncotarget 7 77865 PMID: 27788485

Denham et al (2012) Glycogen synthase kinase 3β and activin/nodal inhibition in human embryonic stem cells induces a pre-neuroepithelial state that is required for specification to a floor plate cell lineage. Development 30 2400 PMID: 22911885

Cho et al (2012) Conversion from mouse embryonic to extra-embryonic endoderm stem cells reveals distinct differentiation capacities of pluripotent stem cell states. Cancer Biol Ther 139 2866 PMID: 22791892

Liu et al (2018) CRISPR-based chromatin remodeling of the endogenous Oct4 or Sox2 locus enables reprogramming to pluripotency. Cell Stem Cell. 22 252 PMID: 29358044

Caires-Júnior (2018) Discordant congenital Zika syndrome twins show differential in vitro viral susceptibility of neural progenitor cells. Nat Commun 9 475 PMID: 29396410

Wang (2018) Gain of toxic apolipoprotein E4 effects in human iPSC-derived neurons is ameliorated by a small-molecule structure corrector. Nat Med 24 647 PMID: 29632371

Oliveira et al (2016) Poly(I:C) increases the expression of mPGES-1 and COX-2 in rat primary microglia. Stem Cells 13 11 PMID: 26780827

Francisco J et al (2022) Retrotransposon instability dominates the acquired mutation landscape of mouse induced pluripotent stem cells. Nat Commun 13 7470 PMID: 36463236

Wendy et al (2022) The human amniotic epithelium confers a bias to differentiate toward the neuroectoderm lineage in human embryonic stem cells. Elife 11 PMID: 35815953

Dmitry et al (2022) Naïve-like pluripotency to pave the way for saving the northern white rhinoceros from extinction. Sci Rep 12 3100 PMID: 35260583

Vincent et al (2022) Dynamic enlargement and mobilization of lipid droplets in pluripotent cells coordinate morphogenesis during mouse peri-implantation development. Nat Commun 13 3861 PMID: 35790717

Kyoung Hwa et al (2019) Basal-type lumenogenesis in extraembryonic endoderm stem cells models the early visceral endoderm. J Cell Sci 132 PMID: 31492758

Pentao et al (2019) In vitro establishment of expanded-potential stem cells from mouse pre-implantation embryos or embryonic stem cells. Nat Protoc 14 350-378 PMID: 30617351

Yves et al (2023) Stimulation of GHRH Neuron Axon Growth by Leptin and Impact of Nutrition during Suckling in Mice. Nutrients 15 PMID: 36904077

Krisztina et al (2020) Gastruloids: Embryonic Organoids from Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells to Study Patterning and Development in Early Mammalian Embryos. Methods Mol Biol 2258 131-147 PMID: 33340359

Haruka et al (2020) Efficient generation of thymic epithelium from induced pluripotent stem cells that prolongs allograft survival. Sci Rep 10 224 PMID: 31937817

Eduard et al (2020) ERK1/2 Signaling Induces Upregulation of ANGPT2 and CXCR4 to Mediate Liver Metastasis in Colon Cancer. Cancer Res 80 4668-4680 PMID: 32816905

S et al (2020) CHIP mutations affect the heat shock response differently in human fibroblasts and iPSC-derived neurons. Dis Model Mech 13 PMID: 33097556

Ludovic et al (2020) Naive Pluripotent Stem Cells Exhibit Phenotypic Variability that Is Driven by Genetic Variation. Cell Stem Cell 27 470-481.e6 PMID: 32795399

Denise D et al (2020) Bisphenol A Induces Agrp Gene Expression in Hypothalamic Neurons through a Mechanism Involving ATF3. Neuroendocrinology 111 678-695 PMID: 32575098

Mayana et al (2020) Differential gene expression elicited by ZIKV infection in trophoblasts from congenital Zika syndrome discordant twins. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 14 e0008424 PMID: 32745093

Joshua M et al (2020) A novel cardiomyogenic role for Isl1+ neural crest cells in the inflow tract. Sci Adv 6 PMID: 33268364

Stumpf et al (2017) Stem Cell Differentiation as a Non-Markov Stochastic Process. Cell Syst 5 268 PMID: 28957659

Yang et al (2017) Establishment of mouse expanded potential stem cells. Nature 550 393 PMID: 29019987

Tuck et al (2018) Distinctive features of lincRNA gene expression suggest widespread RNA-independent functions. Life Sci Alliance 1 e201800124 PMID: 30456373

Zhang et al (2019) Implantation initiation of self-assembled embryo-like structures generated using three types of mouse blastocyst-derived stem cells. Nat Commun 10 496 PMID: 30700702

Gupta et al (2017) PARK2 Depletion Connects Energy and Oxidative Stress to PI3K/Akt Activation via PTEN S-Nitrosylation. Mol Cell 65 999 PMID: 28306514

Mattis et al (2015) HD iPSC-derived neural progenitors accumulate in culture and are susceptible to BDNF withdrawal due to glutamate toxicity. PLoS One 24 3257 PMID: 25740845

Solari et al (2015) Manganese Superoxide Dismutase Gene Expression Is Induced by Nanog and Oct4, Essential Pluripotent Stem Cells' Transcription Factors. Mol Syst Biol 10 e0144336 PMID: 26642061

Sladitschek and Neveu (2015) The bimodally expressed microRNA miR-142 gates exit from pluripotency. J Neuroinflammation 11 850 PMID: 26690966

Muthusamy et al (2014) A method to identify and isolate pluripotent human stem cells and mouse epiblast stem cells using lipid body-associated retinyl ester fluorescence. Stem Cell Reports 3 169 PMID: 25068130

Kyoung-Jae et al (2021) TENET: gene network reconstruction using transfer entropy reveals key regulatory factors from single cell transcriptomic data. Nucleic Acids Res 49 e1 PMID: 33170214

Jamie A et al (2021) Cell Surface Mechanics Gate Embryonic Stem Cell Differentiation. Cell Stem Cell 28 209-216.e4 PMID: 33207217

Jun et al (2021) Human ribonuclease 1 serves as a secretory ligand of ephrin A4 receptor and induces breast tumor initiation. Nat Commun 12 2788 PMID: 33986289

Konstantinos et al (2021) Cdk5 and GSK3β inhibit fast endophilin-mediated endocytosis. Nat Commun 12 2424 PMID: 33893293

Andrea et al (2021) Evaluating totipotency using criteria of increasing stringency. Nat Cell Biol 23 49-60 PMID: 33420491

Yasuhiro et al (2021) Optimized protocol for naive human pluripotent stem cell-derived trophoblast induction. STAR Protoc 2 100921 PMID: 34761233

Yi et al (2021) The histone demethylase KDM2B regulates human primordial germ cell-like cells specification. Int J Biol Sci 17 527-538 PMID: 33613110

Masaki et al (2021) Capturing human trophoblast development with naive pluripotent stem cells in vitro. Cell Stem Cell 28 1023-1039.e13 PMID: 33831365

Boyang et al (2021) Generation of mouse-human chimeric embryos. Nat Protoc 16 3954-3980 PMID: 34215863

Canizo et al (2019) A dose-dependent response to MEK inhibition determines hypoblast fate in bovine embryos. BMC Dev Biol 19 13 PMID: 31272387

Holland et al (2015) Effects of AKT inhibition on HGF-mediated erlo. resistance in non-small cell lung cancer cell lines. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 141 615 PMID: 25323938

Kearns et al (2015) Functional annotation of native enhancers with a Cas9-histone demethylase fusion. Nat Methods 12 401 PMID: 25775043

Maza et al (2015) Transient acquisition of pluripotency during somatic cell transdifferentiation with iPSC reprogramming factors. Nat Biotechnol 33 769 PMID: 26098448

Do you know of a great paper that uses PD 0325901 from Tocris? Please let us know.

Reviews for PD 0325901

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Pluripotency for cell culture.
By Murali K Yanda on 09/27/2022
Assay Type: In Vitro
Species: Mouse
Cell Line/Tissue: ips

Mouse ips cells culture with 2i media.

review image

2i medium.
By Anonymous on 07/11/2022
Assay Type: In Vitro
Species: Mouse
Cell Line/Tissue: ESC

ESC culture using 2i medium. 1uM

review image

ESC culture.
By Xiaoyu Zhang on 11/23/2021
Assay Type: In Vitro
Species: Mouse
Cell Line/Tissue: ESC

In vitro cell culture addition. The image shows the morphology of ESC colonies after conversion by using the treatment condition. This condition supported the conversion and long-term maintenance of dome-shaped ESCs from primed ESCs.

review image

All iPSC lines and R1 mouse ES cells were maintained on feeders in KO-DMEM (Invitrogen) with 3 mM CHIR99021, and 1 mM PD0325901..
By Anonymous on 12/04/2019
Assay Type: In Vitro
Species: Mouse
Cell Line/Tissue: ipsc

All iPSC lines and R1 mouse ES cells were maintained on feeders in KO-DMEM (Invitrogen) with 3 mM CHIR99021, and 1 mM PD0325901.

PMID: 29358044
review image

2i conditions for mES cells.
By Anonymous on 08/20/2019
Assay Type: In Vivo
Species: Mouse

Used to grow mES cells in 2i conidtions. The cells grew well and I did QPCR on isolated RNA

review image

Mmaintenance of naive pluripotency in 2i.
By Megha PB on 07/18/2018
Assay Type: In Vitro
Species: Mouse
Cell Line/Tissue: E14TG2a

Mouse ES cells in 2i remain to be in the naive pluripotent state while cells in -2i for 48 hours exit naive pluripotency

review image

Great inhibitor for ERK signaling.
By Anonymous on 12/08/2017
Assay Type: In Vitro
Species: Mouse
Cell Line/Tissue: Primary mouse lung endothelial cells

Primary lung endothelial cells were pretreated with various concentrations of PD 0325901 for 30 minutes prior to the treatment of IL1b (1ng/ml).

24 hours later, cell was lyzed and analyzed by western blot. Lane 1: PBS controlLane 2: + PD 0326901 100nMLane 3: + PD 0326901 10nM

review image

Protocols for PD 0325901

The following protocols feature additional information for the use of PD 0325901 (Cat. No. 4192).

Literature in this Area

Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* your copy today!

*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.

MAPK Signaling Scientific Review

MAPK Signaling Scientific Review

MAP kinase signaling is integral to the regulation of numerous cellular processes such as proliferation and differentiation, and as a result is an important focus of cancer and immunology research. Updated for 2016, this review discusses the regulation of the MAPK pathway and properties of MAPK cascades. Compounds available from Tocris are listed.

Pathways for PD 0325901

MAPK Signaling Pathway

MAPK Signaling Pathway

The mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway evokes an intracellular signaling cascade in response to extracellular stimuli such as heat and stress. It can influence cell division, metabolism and survival.