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Biological Activity for PD 0325901
PD 0325901 is a potent MEK1 and MEK2 inhibitor. PD 0325901 inhibits MEK activity in mouse colon 26 cells (IC50 = 0.33 nM). PD 0325901 inhibits the growth of melanoma cell lines in vitro and in vivo; induces G1-phase cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in a mouse xenograft model. PD 0325901 also inhibits production of proangiogenic cytokines such as VEGF. PD 0325901 enhances generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). PD 0325901 in combination with Vitamin C sustains mouse ES cells at an undifferentiated and hypomethylated state. PD 0325901 promotes myelin recovery in drug-induced demyelination in vivo in mice model. Orally active.
For more information about how PD 0325901 may be used, see our protocols: Culturing Transcriptomically Distinct Pluripotent mESCs, Highly Efficient Generation of CiPSCs from MEFs, Accelerated Induction of Cortical Neurons from hiPSCs.
Sold for research purposes under agreement from Pfizer Inc.
Technical Data for PD 0325901
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
Solubility Data for PD 0325901
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions for PD 0325901
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 482.19. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|0.25 mM||8.3 mL||41.48 mL||82.95 mL|
|1.25 mM||1.66 mL||8.3 mL||16.59 mL|
|2.5 mM||0.83 mL||4.15 mL||8.3 mL|
|12.5 mM||0.17 mL||0.83 mL||1.66 mL|
References for PD 0325901
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Barrett et al (2008) The discovery of the benzhydroxamate MEK inhibitors CI-1040 and PD 0325901. Bioorg.Med.Chem.Lett. 18 6501 PMID: 18952427
Ciuffreda et al (2009) Growth-inhibitor and antiangiogenic activity of the MEK inhibitor PD0325901 in malignant melanoma with or without BRAF mutations. Neoplasia 11 720 PMID: 19649202
Sebolt-Leopold et al (2004) The biological profile of PD 0325901: a second generation analog of CI-1040 with improved pharmaceutical potential. Proc.Amer.Assoc.Cancer Res. 45 925
Lin et al (2009) A chemical platform for improved induction of human iPSCs. Nat.Methods. 6 805 PMID: 19838168
Koehler et al (2014) 3D mouse embryonic stem cell culture for generating inner ear organoids. Nat.Protoc. 9 1299 PMID: 24784820
Li et al (2018) An alternative culture method to maintain genomic hypomethylation of mouse embryonic stem cells using MEK inhibitor PD0325901 and vitamin C. J.Vis.Exp. 136 56391 PMID: 29912180
Suo et al (2019) Inhibition of MAPK/ERK pathway promotes oligodendrocytes generation and recovery of demyelinating diseases. Glia 67 1320 PMID: 30815939
If you know of a relevant reference for PD 0325901, please let us know.
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21 Citations for PD 0325901
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for PD 0325901 include:
Oliveira et al (2016) Poly(I:C) increases the expression of mPGES-1 and COX-2 in rat primary microglia. Stem Cells 13 11 PMID: 26780827
Liu et al (2018) CRISPR-based chromatin remodeling of the endogenous Oct4 or Sox2 locus enables reprogramming to pluripotency. Cell Stem Cell. 22 252 PMID: 29358044
Caires-Júnior (2018) Discordant congenital Zika syndrome twins show differential in vitro viral susceptibility of neural progenitor cells. Nat Commun 9 475 PMID: 29396410
Wang (2018) Gain of toxic apolipoprotein E4 effects in human iPSC-derived neurons is ameliorated by a small-molecule structure corrector. Nat Med 24 647 PMID: 29632371
Jullien et al (2017) Gene Resistance to Transcriptional Reprogramming following Nuclear Transfer Is Directly Mediated by Multiple Chromatin-Repressive Pathways. Mol Cell 65 873 PMID: 28257702
Zawily et al (2016) The intrinsically kinase-inactive EPHB6 receptor predisposes cancer cells to DR5-induced apoptosis by promoting mitochondrial fragmentation. Oncotarget 7 77865 PMID: 27788485
Holland et al (2015) Effects of AKT inhibition on HGF-mediated erlo. resistance in non-small cell lung cancer cell lines. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 141 615 PMID: 25323938
Kearns et al (2015) Functional annotation of native enhancers with a Cas9-histone demethylase fusion. Nat Methods 12 401 PMID: 25775043
Maza et al (2015) Transient acquisition of pluripotency during somatic cell transdifferentiation with iPSC reprogramming factors. Nat Biotechnol 33 769 PMID: 26098448
Denham et al (2012) Glycogen synthase kinase 3β and activin/nodal inhibition in human embryonic stem cells induces a pre-neuroepithelial state that is required for specification to a floor plate cell lineage. Development 30 2400 PMID: 22911885
Cho et al (2012) Conversion from mouse embryonic to extra-embryonic endoderm stem cells reveals distinct differentiation capacities of pluripotent stem cell states. Cancer Biol Ther 139 2866 PMID: 22791892
Canizo et al (2019) A dose-dependent response to MEK inhibition determines hypoblast fate in bovine embryos. BMC Dev Biol 19 13 PMID: 31272387
Mattis et al (2015) HD iPSC-derived neural progenitors accumulate in culture and are susceptible to BDNF withdrawal due to glutamate toxicity. PLoS One 24 3257 PMID: 25740845
Solari et al (2015) Manganese Superoxide Dismutase Gene Expression Is Induced by Nanog and Oct4, Essential Pluripotent Stem Cells' Transcription Factors. Mol Syst Biol 10 e0144336 PMID: 26642061
Sladitschek and Neveu (2015) The bimodally expressed microRNA miR-142 gates exit from pluripotency. J Neuroinflammation 11 850 PMID: 26690966
Muthusamy et al (2014) A method to identify and isolate pluripotent human stem cells and mouse epiblast stem cells using lipid body-associated retinyl ester fluorescence. Stem Cell Reports 3 169 PMID: 25068130
Zhang et al (2019) Implantation initiation of self-assembled embryo-like structures generated using three types of mouse blastocyst-derived stem cells. Nat Commun 10 496 PMID: 30700702
Gupta et al (2017) PARK2 Depletion Connects Energy and Oxidative Stress to PI3K/Akt Activation via PTEN S-Nitrosylation. Mol Cell 65 999 PMID: 28306514
Tuck et al (2018) Distinctive features of lincRNA gene expression suggest widespread RNA-independent functions. Life Sci Alliance 1 e201800124 PMID: 30456373
Stumpf et al (2017) Stem Cell Differentiation as a Non-Markov Stochastic Process. Cell Syst 5 268 PMID: 28957659
Yang et al (2017) Establishment of mouse expanded potential stem cells. Nature 550 393 PMID: 29019987
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Reviews for PD 0325901
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Mouse ips cells culture with 2i media.
ESC culture using 2i medium. 1uM
In vitro cell culture addition. The image shows the morphology of ESC colonies after conversion by using the treatment condition. This condition supported the conversion and long-term maintenance of dome-shaped ESCs from primed ESCs.
All iPSC lines and R1 mouse ES cells were maintained on feeders in KO-DMEM (Invitrogen) with 3 mM CHIR99021, and 1 mM PD0325901.
Used to grow mES cells in 2i conidtions. The cells grew well and I did QPCR on isolated RNA
Mouse ES cells in 2i remain to be in the naive pluripotent state while cells in -2i for 48 hours exit naive pluripotency
Primary lung endothelial cells were pretreated with various concentrations of PD 0325901 for 30 minutes prior to the treatment of IL1b (1ng/ml).
24 hours later, cell was lyzed and analyzed by western blot. Lane 1: PBS controlLane 2: + PD 0326901 100nMLane 3: + PD 0326901 10nM
Protocols for PD 0325901
The following protocols feature additional information for the use of PD 0325901 (Cat. No. 4192).
Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* your copy today!
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MAPK Signaling Scientific Review
MAP kinase signaling is integral to the regulation of numerous cellular processes such as proliferation and differentiation, and as a result is an important focus of cancer and immunology research. Updated for 2016, this review discusses the regulation of the MAPK pathway and properties of MAPK cascades. Compounds available from Tocris are listed.