Selective inhibitor of TGF-β signaling (IC50 = 0.85 μM); displays little or no inhibition of activin, Wnt or BMP signaling pathways. Induces proteasomal degradation of the TGF-β type II receptor. Inhibits TGF-β-induced mesoderm formation from mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) during early differentiation; selectively promotes the differentiation of ESCs to cardiomyocytes in vitro between days 3-5. Does not induce differentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells or endothelial cells.
|Storage||Store at +4°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
|ethanol||4.16||10 with gentle warming|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 415.52. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|0.2 mM||12.03 mL||60.17 mL||120.33 mL|
|1 mM||2.41 mL||12.03 mL||24.07 mL|
|2 mM||1.2 mL||6.02 mL||12.03 mL|
|10 mM||0.24 mL||1.2 mL||2.41 mL|
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Willems et al (2012) Small molecule-mediated TGF-beta type II receptor degradation promotes cardiomyogenesis in embryonic stem cells. Cell Stem Cell 11 242 PMID: 22862949
Kinney et al (2013) Emerging strategies for spatiotemporal control of stem cell fate and morphogenesis. Trends Biotechnol. 31 78 PMID: 23219200
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1 Citation for ITD 1
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for ITD 1 include:
Smyth (2018) TGF-β mimic proteins form an extended gene family in the murine parasite Heligmosomoides polygyrus. Int J Parasitol 48 379 PMID: 29510118
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* or download your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.
Stem Cells Scientific Review
Written by Kirsty E. Clarke, Victoria B. Christie, Andy Whiting and Stefan A. Przyborski, this review provides an overview of the use of small molecules in the control of stem cell growth and differentiation. Key signaling pathways are highlighted, and the regulation of ES cell self-renewal and somatic cell reprogramming is discussed. Compounds available from Tocris are listed.