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ZK 93426 hydrochloride
Potent, selective and competitive benzodiazepine receptor antagonist (IC50 values are 0.4 and 0.7 nM for inhibition of [3H]-flunitrazepam binding to rat cerebellum and hippocampus respectively). Similar in vivo profile to flumazenil (Ro 15-1788, Cat No. 1328); produces anxiogenic effects in some behavioral tests and anxiolytic effects in others. Orally active.
|Storage||Desiccate at RT|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 348.82. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||2.87 mL||14.33 mL||28.67 mL|
|5 mM||0.57 mL||2.87 mL||5.73 mL|
|10 mM||0.29 mL||1.43 mL||2.87 mL|
|50 mM||0.06 mL||0.29 mL||0.57 mL|
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Jensen et al (1984) Evaluation of the β-carboline ZK 93 426 as a benzodiazepine receptor antagonist. Psychopharmacology 83 249 PMID: 6089247
Corda et al (1987) Enhancement of γ-aminobutyric acid binding by the anxiolytic β-carbolines ZK 93423 and ZK 91296. J.Neurochem. 48 1355 PMID: 2881979
File and Baldwin (1987) Effects of β-carbolines in animal models of anxiety. Brain Res.Bull. 19 293 PMID: 3315125
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* or download your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.
GABA Receptors Scientific Review
Written by Ian Martin, Norman Bowery and Susan Dunn, this review provides a history of the GABA receptor, as well as discussing the structure and function of the various subtypes and the clinical potential of receptor modulators; compounds available from Tocris are listed.
The key feature of drug addiction is the inability to stop using a drug despite clear evidence of harm. This poster describes the brain circuits associated with addiction, and provides an overview of the main classes of addictive drugs and the neurotransmitter systems that they target.
Epilepsy is a brain disease that affects 60 million people globally. More than 20 anti-seizure drugs are currently available, but these do not address the underlying causes of the condition. This poster summarizes current knowledge about the development of the condition and highlights some approaches that have disease-modifying effects in proof-of-concept studies.
Peripheral sensitization is the reduction in the threshold of excitability of sensory neurons that results in an augmented response to a given external stimulus. This poster outlines the excitatory and inhibitory signaling pathways involved in modulation of peripheral sensitization. The role of ion channels, GPCRs, neurotrophins, and cytokines in sensory neurons are also described.
Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric disorder that affects 1% of the worldwide population. This poster describes the neurobiology of Schizophrenia, as well as highlighting the genetic and environmental factors that play a fundamental role in the etiology of the disease. The current and emerging drug targets are also discussed.