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ZK 93423 hydrochloride
Potent benzodiazepine receptor agonist (IC50 = 1 nM). Non-selective between α1-, α2-, α3- and α5-subunit containing GABAA receptors (Ki values are 4.1, 4.2, 6 and 4.5 nM for inhibition of [3H]Ro15-1788 binding to human recombinant α1β3γ2, α2β3γ2, α3β3γ2 and α5β3γ2 receptors respectively). Anxiolytic following systemic administration in vivo.
|Storage||Desiccate at RT|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 426.9. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|0.3 mM||7.81 mL||39.04 mL||78.08 mL|
|1.5 mM||1.56 mL||7.81 mL||15.62 mL|
|3 mM||0.78 mL||3.9 mL||7.81 mL|
|15 mM||0.16 mL||0.78 mL||1.56 mL|
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Stephens et al (1984) Discriminative stimulus properties of β-carbolines characterized as agonists and inverse agonists at central benzodiazepine receptors. Psychopharmacology 83 233 PMID: 6089245
File and Baldwin (1987) Effects of β-carbolines in animal models of anxiety. Brain Res.Bull. 19 293 PMID: 3315125
Cox et al (1998) Synthesis and evaluation of analogues of the partial agonist 6-(propyloxy)-4-(methoxymethyl)-β-carboline-3-carboxylic acid ethyl ester (6-PBC) and the full agonist 6-(benzyloxy)-4-(methoxymethyl)-β-carboline-3-carboxylic acid ethyl ester (ZK 934 J.Med.Chem. 41 2537 PMID: 9651158
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* or download your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.
GABA Receptors Scientific Review
Written by Ian Martin, Norman Bowery and Susan Dunn, this review provides a history of the GABA receptor, as well as discussing the structure and function of the various subtypes and the clinical potential of receptor modulators; compounds available from Tocris are listed.
The key feature of drug addiction is the inability to stop using a drug despite clear evidence of harm. This poster describes the brain circuits associated with addiction, and provides an overview of the main classes of addictive drugs and the neurotransmitter systems that they target.
Epilepsy is a brain disease that affects 60 million people globally. More than 20 anti-seizure drugs are currently available, but these do not address the underlying causes of the condition. This poster summarizes current knowledge about the development of the condition and highlights some approaches that have disease-modifying effects in proof-of-concept studies.
Peripheral sensitization is the reduction in the threshold of excitability of sensory neurons that results in an augmented response to a given external stimulus. This poster outlines the excitatory and inhibitory signaling pathways involved in modulation of peripheral sensitization. The role of ion channels, GPCRs, neurotrophins, and cytokines in sensory neurons are also described.
Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric disorder that affects 1% of the worldwide population. This poster describes the neurobiology of Schizophrenia, as well as highlighting the genetic and environmental factors that play a fundamental role in the etiology of the disease. The current and emerging drug targets are also discussed.