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Biological Activity for MMF
MMF is a nuclear factor (erythroid-derived-2)-like 2 (Nrf2) pathway activator. Also exhibits agonist activity at GPR109A. Primary metabolite of DMF (Cat. No. 4512).
Technical Data for MMF
|Storage||Store at RT|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
Solubility Data for MMF
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions for MMF
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 130.1. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||7.69 mL||38.43 mL||76.86 mL|
|5 mM||1.54 mL||7.69 mL||15.37 mL|
|10 mM||0.77 mL||3.84 mL||7.69 mL|
|50 mM||0.15 mL||0.77 mL||1.54 mL|
References for MMF
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Rao & Mishra (1998) Antihepatotoxic activity of monomethyl fumarate isolated from Fumaria indica. J.Ethnopharmacol. 60 207 PMID: 9613834
Scannevin et al (2012) Fumarates promote cytoprotection of central nervous system cells against oxidative stress via the nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 pathway. J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther. 341 274 PMID: 22267202
Hanson et al (2010) Nicotinic acid- and monomethyl fumarate-induced flushing involves GPR109A expressed by keratinocytes and COX-2-dependent prostanoid formation in mice. J.Clin.Invest. 120 2910 PMID: 20664170
Tang et al (2008) The psoriasis durg monomethylfumarate is a potent nicotinic receptor agonist. Biochem.Biophys.Res.Commun. 375 562 PMID: 18722346
Sciacovelli et al (2016) Fumarate is an epigenetic modifier that elicits epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition Nature 537 544 PMID: 27580029
If you know of a relevant reference for MMF, please let us know.
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1 Citation for MMF
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for MMF include:
Cheng et al (2020) Furin inhibitors block SARS-CoV-2 spike protein cleavage to suppress virus production and cytopathic effects. Cell Rep.
Do you know of a great paper that uses MMF from Tocris? Please let us know.
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