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Very potent and selective inhibitor of protein kinase C, selective for the α and β1 isoforms (IC50 values are 0.0084, 0.0180, 0.210, 0.132, and 5.8 μM for α, β1, δ, ε and ζ isoforms respectively). Selective over MLCK, PKG and PKA (IC50 values are 0.6, 4.6, and 33 μM respectively). Potent antagonist at the 5-HT3 receptor (Ki = 29.5 nM). Anti-inflammatory in vivo.
|Storage||Store at RT|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 412.49. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|0.25 mM||9.7 mL||48.49 mL||96.97 mL|
|1.25 mM||1.94 mL||9.7 mL||19.39 mL|
|2.5 mM||0.97 mL||4.85 mL||9.7 mL|
|12.5 mM||0.19 mL||0.97 mL||1.94 mL|
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Coultrap et al (1999) Competitive antagonism of the mouse 5-hydroxytryptamine3 receptor by bisindolylmaleimide I, a "selective" protein kinase C inhibitor. J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther. 290 76 PMID: 10381762
Jacobson et al (1995) Anti-inflammatory properties of Go 6850: a selective inhibitor of protein kinase C. J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther. 275 995 PMID: 7473193
Martiny-Baron et al (1993) Selective inhibition of protein kinase C isozymes by the indolocarbazole Go 6976. J.Biol.Chem. 268 9194 PMID: 8486620
Toullec et al (1991) The bisindolylmaleimide GF 109203X is a potent and selective inhibitor of protein kinase C. J.Biol.Chem. 266 15771 PMID: 1874734
Jiang et al (2011) Heat shock protein 90-mediated inactivation of nuclear factor-κB switches autophagy to apoptosis through becn1 transcriptional inhibition in selenite-induced NB4 cells. Mol.Biol.Cell. 22 1167 PMID: 21346199
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Keywords: GF 109203X, GF 109203X supplier, Protein, kinase, C, inhibitors, inhibits, PKC, PKM, Kinase, Kinases, alpha, beta, α, β, GF109203X, Go6850, Go, 6850, Gö, Bisindolylmaleimide, I, Autophagy, 0741, Tocris Bioscience
45 Citations for GF 109203X
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for GF 109203X include:
Devinney et al (2015) Phrenic long-term facilitation requires PKCθ activity within phrenic motor neurons. Int J Mol Sci 35 8107 PMID: 26019328
Lin et al (2015) Palmitoylethanolamide inhibits glutamate release in rat cerebrocortical nerve terminals. J Neurosci 16 5555 PMID: 25768340
Seifert et al (2015) Dectin-1 Regulates Hepatic Fibrosis and Hepatocarcinogenesis by Suppressing TLR4 Signaling Pathways. Curr Alzheimer Res 13 1909 PMID: 26655905
Yuan et al (2015) Inhibition of protein kinase C by isojacareubin suppresses hepatocellular carcinoma metastasis and induces apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. Sci Rep 5 12889 PMID: 26245668
Wouters et al (2014) Central role for protein kinase C in oxyt. and epidermal growth factor stimulated cyclooxygenase 2 expression in human myometrial cells. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 7 357 PMID: 24916153
Freitas et al (2009) Y27632, a Rho-activated kinase inhibitor, normalizes dysregulation in alpha1-adrenergic receptor-induced contraction of Lyon hypertensive rat artery smooth muscle. Fundam Clin Pharmacol 23 169 PMID: 19298234
Jackson et al (2005) Mechanism of the vascular angiotensin II/α2-adrenoceptor interaction. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 314 1109 PMID: 15901799
Al-Bayati et al (2016) Effects of thrombin on Ins signalling and glucose uptake in cultured human myotubes. J.Diabetes Complications. 30 1209 PMID: 27396242
Wibberley et al (2003) Expression and functional role of Rho-kinase in rat urinary bladder smooth muscle. Br J Pharmacol 138 757 PMID: 12642376
Corsini et al (2003) Induction of adipose differentiation related protein and neutral lipid droplet accumulation in keratinocytes by skin irritants. J Invest Dermatol 121 337 PMID: 12880426
Zhong (2018) Intracellular emetic signaling evoked by the L-type Ca2+ channel agonist FPL64176 in the least shrew (Cryptotis parva). Eur J Pharmacol 834 157 PMID: 29966616
Yu et al (2014) Transactivation of epidermal growth factor receptor through platelet-activating factor/receptor in ovarian cancer cells. J Exp Clin Cancer Res 33 85 PMID: 25261977
Mitrugno et al (2014) A novel and essential role for FcγRIIa in cancer cell-induced platelet activation. Blood 123 249 PMID: 24258815
Copits and Swanson (2013) Kainate receptor post-translational modifications differentially regulate association with 4.1N to control activity-dependent receptor endocytosis. J Biol Chem 288 8952 PMID: 23400781
Jahchan et al (2013) A drug repositioning approach identifies tricyclic antidepressants as inhibitors of small cell lung cancer and other neuroendocrine tumors. Cancer Discov 3 1364 PMID: 24078773
Riedl et al (2009) Proteomic analysis uncovers novel actions of the neurosecretory protein VGF in nociceptive processing. Cell Rep 29 13377 PMID: 19846725
Sano et al (2000) Two distinct signaling pathways in hair cycle induction: Stat3-dependent and -independent pathways. J Neurosci 97 13824 PMID: 11087819
O'Neill and Sylantyev (2018) Selective modulation of tonically active GABAA receptor functional subgroups by G-proteins and protein kinase C. 243 1046 PMID: 30205722
Schaffer et al (2018) PKCε Inhibits Neuronal Dendritic Spine Development through Dual Phosphorylation of Ephexin5. Cell Rep 25 2470 PMID: 30485813
Qu et al (2016) Neurophysiological mechanisms of bradykinin-evoked mucosal chloride secretion in guinea pig small intestine. World J Gastrointest Pathophysiol 7 150 PMID: 26909238
Abedini et al (2016) WNT5a is required for normal ovarian follicle development and antagonizes g.tropin responsiveness in granulosa cells by suppressing canonical WNT signaling. FASEB J 30 1534 PMID: 26667040
Barbaric et al (2011) High-content screening for chemical modulators of embryonal carcinoma cell differentiation and survival. J Biomol Screen 16 603 PMID: 21593487
Kim et al (2008) Differential enhancement of leukaemia cell differentiation without elevation of intracellular calcium by plant-derived sesquiterpene lactone compounds. Br J Pharmacol 155 814 PMID: 18724384
Wijerathne et al (2019) Onion peel extract and its constituent, quercetin inhibits human Slo3 in a pH and calcium dependent manner. Korean J Physiol Pharmacol 23 381 PMID: 31496875
Guemez-Gamboa et al (2014) Non-cell-autonomous mechanism of activity-dependent neurotransmitter switching. Neuron 82 1004 PMID: 24908484
Gao et al (2012) Transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1-dependent regulation of liver-related neurons in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus diminished in the type 1 diabetic mouse. J Neurosci 61 1381 PMID: 22492526
Poteser et al (2011) PKC-dependent coupling of calcium permeation through transient receptor potential canonical 3 (TRPC3) to calcineurin signaling in HL-1 myocytes. Cereb Cortex 108 10556 PMID: 21653882
Lau et al (2011) Apical and basolateral pools of proteinase-activated receptor-2 direct distinct signaling events in the intestinal epithelium. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 300 C113 PMID: 21068362
Ajiro et al (2011) Platelet-activating factor stimulates sodium-hydrogen exchange in ventricular myocytes. J Neurosci 301 H2395 PMID: 21949111
Zsombok et al (2011) Functional plasticity of central TRPV1 receptors in brainstem dorsal vagal complex circuits of streptozotocin-treated hyperglycemic mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 31 14024 PMID: 21957263
Cobine et al (2007) Role of L-type calcium channels and PKC in active tone development in rabbit coronary artery. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 292 H3079 PMID: 17277031
Brager and Johnston (2007) Plasticity of intrinsic excitability during long-term depression is mediated through mGluR-dependent changes in I(h) in hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons. J Neurosci 27 13926 PMID: 18094230
Chen and Kan (2015) Down-regulation of superoxide dismutase 1 by PMA is involved in cell fate determination and mediated via protein kinase D2 in myeloid leukemia cells. Biochim Biophys Acta 1853 2662 PMID: 26241492
Zhao (2014) BDNF-endocannabinoid interactions at neocortical inhibitory synapses require phospholipase C signaling. J Neurophysiol 111 1008 PMID: 24335212
Meotti et al (2012) Inflammatory muscle pain is dependent on the activation of kinin B1 and B2 receptors and intracellular kinase pathways. Br J Pharmacol 166 1127 PMID: 22220695
Khuituan et al (2012) Fibroblast growth factor-23 abolishes 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3-enhanced duodenal calcium transport in male mice. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 302 E903 PMID: 22275752
Hudson et al (2012) Phasic contractions of isolated human myometrium are associated with Rho-kinase (ROCK)-dependent phosphorylation of myosin phosphatase-targeting subunit (MYPT1). Mol Hum Reprod 18 265 PMID: 22155728
Chung et al (2007) IGF-I inhibition of apoptosis is associated with decreased expression of prostate apoptosis response-4. J Endocrinol 194 77 PMID: 17592023
Zapata et al (2007) Regulation of DA transporter function and cell surface expression by D3 DA receptors. J Biol Chem 282 35842 PMID: 17923483
O'Riordan et al (2006) Regulation of nuclear factor κB in the hippocampus by group I metabotropic glutamate receptors. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 26 4870 PMID: 16672661
Jantarajit et al (2017) CFTR-mediated anion secretion across intestinal epithelium-like Caco-2 monolayer under PTH stimulation is dependent on intermediate conductance K+ channels. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 313 C118 PMID: 28490422
Davis (2015) The ATP-Binding Cassette Transporter-2 (ABCA2) Overexpression Modulates Sphingosine Levels and Transcription of the Amyloid Precursor Protein (APP) Gene. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 12 847 PMID: 26510981
Rattan and Ali (2015) Role of SM22 in the differential regulation of phasic vs. tonic smooth muscle. BMC Res Notes 308 G605 PMID: 25617350
Oh et al (2013) Synapse-specific and size-dependent mechanisms of spine structural plasticity accompanying synaptic weakening. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110 E305 PMID: 23269840
Fish et al (2017) Dynamic regulation of VEGF-inducible genes by an ERK/ERG/p300 transcriptional network. Development 144 2428 PMID: 28536097
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Reviews for GF 109203X
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GF 109203X (GF-109) was used to clarify an impact of PKC on average open time of GABA-A receptor channel. Experiment on outside-out membrane patches (OOP) and nucleated patches (NP) excised from hippocampal granule cells displayed a significant effect of GF-109 in NPs only. This confirms modulation of GABA-A receptor opening by PKA and ensures absence of GF-109 side effects on GABA-A receptors (since no effect was observed in OOPs).
Literature in this Area
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