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Biological Activity for Diazoxide
Diazoxide is an antihypertensive, activates ATP-dependent K+ channels (Kir6). Induces activation of PKCε, an intermediate in the opening of mitoKATP channels, results in cardioprotection against hypoxia-induced death. Blocks desensitization of AMPA receptors.
Compound Libraries for Diazoxide
Technical Data for Diazoxide
|Storage||Store at RT|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
Solubility Data for Diazoxide
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions for Diazoxide
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 230.67. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||4.34 mL||21.68 mL||43.35 mL|
|5 mM||0.87 mL||4.34 mL||8.67 mL|
|10 mM||0.43 mL||2.17 mL||4.34 mL|
|50 mM||0.09 mL||0.43 mL||0.87 mL|
References for Diazoxide
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Kim et al (2006) Dox acts more as a PKC-ε activator, and indirectly activates the mitochondiral KATP channel conferring cardioprotection against hypoxic injury. Br.J.Pharmacol. 149 1059 PMID: 17043673
Trube et al (1986) Opposite effects of tolbut. and Dox on the ATP-dependent K+ channel in mouse pancreatic β-cells. Pflugers Arch. 407 493 PMID: 2431383
Yamada and Rothman (1992) Dox blocks glutamate desensitization and prolongs excitatory postsynaptic currents in rat hippocampal neurons. J.Physiol. 458 409 PMID: 1302270
Merck Index 12 3051
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Keywords: Diazoxide, Diazoxide supplier, Blocks, desensitization, desensitisation, AMPA, receptors, K+, channel, opener, KATP, Glutamate, Receptors, iGlur, Ionotropic, Potassium, KIR, Kir6, Channels, Inward, Rectifier, rectifier, 0964, Tocris Bioscience
4 Citations for Diazoxide
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for Diazoxide include:
Frazão et al (2013) Shift in Kiss1 cell activity requires estrogen receptor α. J Neurosci 33 2807 PMID: 23407940
Cox et al (2014) Chronic neonatal Dox therapy is not associated with adverse effects J Neurosci 14 49 PMID: 25587244
Niu et al (2011) Sex differences in the contribution of ATP-sensitive K+ channels in trigeminal ganglia under an acute muscle pain condition. Neuroscience 180 344 PMID: 21296645
Sun et al (2014) Label-free cell phenotypic profiling decodes the composition and signaling of an endogenous ATP-sensitive potassium channel. Sci Rep 4 4934 PMID: 24816792
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.
The key feature of drug addiction is the inability to stop using a drug despite clear evidence of harm. This poster describes the brain circuits associated with addiction, and provides an overview of the main classes of addictive drugs and the neurotransmitter systems that they target.
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a degenerative brain disease and the most common cause of dementia, affecting approximately 47 million people worldwide. Updated in 2015, this poster summarizes the structural and functional changes observed in the progression of this neurodegenerative disease, as well as classic AD drug targets.
Major depressive disorder is characterized by depressed mood and a loss of interest and/or pleasure. Updated in 2015 this poster highlights presynaptic and postsynaptic targets for the potential treatment of major depressive disorder, as well as outlining the pharmacology of currently approved antidepressant drugs.
Epilepsy is a brain disease that affects 60 million people globally. More than 20 anti-seizure drugs are currently available, but these do not address the underlying causes of the condition. This poster summarizes current knowledge about the development of the condition and highlights some approaches that have disease-modifying effects in proof-of-concept studies.
Learning & Memory Poster
Recognition memory enables us to make judgements about whether or not we have encountered a particular stimulus before. This poster outlines the cellular mechanisms underlying recognition memory and its links to long-term depression, as well as the use of pharmacological intervention to assess the role of neurotransmitters in recognition memory.
Peripheral sensitization is the reduction in the threshold of excitability of sensory neurons that results in an augmented response to a given external stimulus. This poster outlines the excitatory and inhibitory signaling pathways involved in modulation of peripheral sensitization. The role of ion channels, GPCRs, neurotrophins, and cytokines in sensory neurons are also described.
Parkinson's disease (PD) causes chronic disability and is the second most common neurodegenerative condition. This poster outlines the neurobiology of the disease, as well as highlighting current therapeutic treatments for symptomatic PD, and emerging therapeutic strategies to delay PD onset and progression.
Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric disorder that affects 1% of the worldwide population. This poster describes the neurobiology of Schizophrenia, as well as highlighting the genetic and environmental factors that play a fundamental role in the etiology of the disease. The current and emerging drug targets are also discussed.