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Biological Activity for DFB
DFB is a novel allosteric potentiator of the metabotropic glutamate receptor mGlu5. Devoid of agonist activity itself, but potentiates (3 - 6-fold) the action of agonists at mGlu5 without any effect at other mGlu subtypes (EC50 for potentiation = 2 - 5.3 μM).
Technical Data for DFB
|Storage||Store at +4°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
Solubility Data for DFB
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions for DFB
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 244.24. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|0.5 mM||8.19 mL||40.94 mL||81.89 mL|
|2.5 mM||1.64 mL||8.19 mL||16.38 mL|
|5 mM||0.82 mL||4.09 mL||8.19 mL|
|25 mM||0.16 mL||0.82 mL||1.64 mL|
References for DFB
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
O'Brien et al (2003) A family of highly selective allosteric modulators of the metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5. Mol.Pharmacol. 64 731 PMID: 12920211
Zhang et al (2005) Allosteric potentiators of metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 have differential effects on different signaling pathways in cortical astrocytes. J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther. 315 1212 PMID: 16135701
Williams et al (2002) DFB, an allosteric potentiator of mGluR5 4th International Meeting on Metabotropic Glutamat
If you know of a relevant reference for DFB, please let us know.
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Keywords: DFB, DFB supplier, Allosteric, potentiators, mGlu5, mGluR5, Group, I, Receptors, Glutamate, Metabotropic, PAM, 3,3'-Difluorobenzaldazine, (Metabotropic), 1625, Tocris Bioscience
1 Citation for DFB
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for DFB include:
Chen et al (2011) mGluR5 positive modulators both potentiate activation and restore inhibition in NMDA receptors by PKC dependent pathway. J Biomed Sci 18 19 PMID: 21342491
Do you know of a great paper that uses DFB from Tocris? Please let us know.
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.
The key feature of drug addiction is the inability to stop using a drug despite clear evidence of harm. This poster describes the brain circuits associated with addiction, and provides an overview of the main classes of addictive drugs and the neurotransmitter systems that they target.
Major depressive disorder is characterized by depressed mood and a loss of interest and/or pleasure. Updated in 2015 this poster highlights presynaptic and postsynaptic targets for the potential treatment of major depressive disorder, as well as outlining the pharmacology of currently approved antidepressant drugs.
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Huntington's Disease Poster
Huntington's disease (HD) is a monogenic neurodegenerative disorder, which is characterized by the prevalent loss of GABAergic medium spiny neurons (MSN) in the striatum. This poster summarizes the MSN intracellular signaling pathways implicated in the pathology of HD, as well as highlighting the use of iPSCs for HD modeling.
Learning & Memory Poster
Recognition memory enables us to make judgements about whether or not we have encountered a particular stimulus before. This poster outlines the cellular mechanisms underlying recognition memory and its links to long-term depression, as well as the use of pharmacological intervention to assess the role of neurotransmitters in recognition memory.
Peripheral sensitization is the reduction in the threshold of excitability of sensory neurons that results in an augmented response to a given external stimulus. This poster outlines the excitatory and inhibitory signaling pathways involved in modulation of peripheral sensitization. The role of ion channels, GPCRs, neurotrophins, and cytokines in sensory neurons are also described.
Parkinson's disease (PD) causes chronic disability and is the second most common neurodegenerative condition. This poster outlines the neurobiology of the disease, as well as highlighting current therapeutic treatments for symptomatic PD, and emerging therapeutic strategies to delay PD onset and progression.