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Biological Activity for CD 2665
CD 2665 is a selective RARβγ antagonist (KD values are 110, 306 and > 1000 nM for RARγ, RARβ and RARα respectively). Blocks retinoic acid-induced apoptosis ex vivo.
Compound Libraries for CD 2665
Technical Data for CD 2665
|Storage||Store at +4°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
Solubility Data for CD 2665
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions for CD 2665
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 486.6. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||2.06 mL||10.28 mL||20.55 mL|
|5 mM||0.41 mL||2.06 mL||4.11 mL|
|10 mM||0.21 mL||1.03 mL||2.06 mL|
|50 mM||0.04 mL||0.21 mL||0.41 mL|
References for CD 2665
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Szondy et al (1997) Induction of apoptosis by retinoids and retinoic acid receptor γ-selective compounds in mouse thymocytes through a novel apoptosis pathway. Mol.Pharmacol. 51 972 PMID: 9187263
Meister et al (1998) Antiproliferative activity and apoptosis induced by retinoic acid receptor-gamma selectivity binding retinoids in neuroblastoma. Anticancer Res. 18 1777 PMID: 9673404
Kim et al (2000) The role of specific retinoid receptors in sebocyte growth and differentiation in culture. J.Invest.Dermatol. 114 349 PMID: 10651997
If you know of a relevant reference for CD 2665, please let us know.
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Keywords: CD 2665, CD 2665 supplier, CD2665, selective, retinoic, acid, receptors, gamma, beta, RARgamma, RARbeta, RARb, RARg, RARγ, RAR#946;, antagonists, Retinoic, Acid, Receptors, 3800, Tocris Bioscience
10 Citations for CD 2665
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for CD 2665 include:
Martin et al (2014) Interleukin-22 binding protein (IL-22BP) is constitutively expressed by a subset of conventional dendritic cells and is strongly induced by retinoic acid. Mucosal Immunol 7 101 PMID: 23653115
Ane et al (2021) Retinoic acid signaling is critical during the totipotency window in early mammalian development. Nat Struct Mol Biol 28 521-532 PMID: 34045724
Liang et al (2013) Retinoic acid inhibits CD25+ dendritic cell expansion and γδ T-cell activation in experimental autoimmune uveitis. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 54 3493 PMID: 23611991
Uchibe et al (2017) Genetic and pharmacological inhibition of retinoic acid receptor γ function promotes endochondral bone formation. J Orthop Res 35 1096 PMID: 27325507
David A et al (2019) Retinoic Acid Receptor-β Is Downregulated in Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Cirrhosis and Its Expression Inhibits Myosin-Driven Activation and Durotaxis in Hepatic Stellate Cells. Hepatology 69 785-802 PMID: 30055117
Kang et al (2011) Complementary roles of retinoic acid and TGF-β1 in coordinated expression of mucosal integrins by T cells. Autophagy 4 66 PMID: 20664575
Centritto et al (2015) Cellular and molecular determinants of all-trans retinoic acid sensitivity in breast cancer: Luminal phenotype and RARα expression. Mucosal Immunol 7 950 PMID: 25888236
Chronopoulos et al (2016) ATRA mechanically reprograms pancreatic stellate cells to suppress matrix remodelling and inhibit cancer cell invasion Nature Communications 7 12630 PMID: 27600527
Mei et al (2023) IL-3 produced by T cells is crucial for basophil extravasation in hapten-induced allergic contact dermatitis. Front Immunol 14 1151468 PMID: 37180157
Simkin et al (2013) Retinoic acid upregulates ret and induces chain migration and population expansion in vagal neural crest cells to colonise the embryonic gut. PLoS One 8 e64077 PMID: 23717535
Do you know of a great paper that uses CD 2665 from Tocris? Please let us know.
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.