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Discontinued ProductAlphaxalone (Cat. No. 3046) has been withdrawn from sale for commercial reasons.
A neurosteroid anesthetic that directly activates and potentiates GABAA receptor-activated membrane current (IGABA). Efficacy but not potency is determined by the alpha subunit of the receptor (EC50 values are 1.4, 1.8, 2.1, 2.4 and 2.5 μM for α1β1γ3, α1β1γ1, β1γ1, α2β1γ2L and α1β1γ2L isoforms respectively).
|Storage||Store at RT|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Maitra et al (1999) Subunit dependent modulation of GABAA receptor function by neuroactive steroids. Brain Res. 819 75 PMID: 10082863
Wegner et al (2007) Auto-modulation of neuroactive steroids on GABAA receptors: a novel pharmacological effect. Neuropharmacology. 52 672 PMID: 17084864
Zecharia et al (2009) The involvement of hypothalamic sleep pathways in general anesthesia: Testing the hypothesis using the GABAA receptor β3N265M knock-in mouse. J.Neurosci. 29 2177 PMID: 19228970
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Keywords: Alphaxalone, Alphaxalone supplier, Direct, activators, potentiator, GABAA, Receptors, 3046, Tocris Bioscience
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* or download your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.
GABA Receptors Scientific Review
Written by Ian Martin, Norman Bowery and Susan Dunn, this review provides a history of the GABA receptor, as well as discussing the structure and function of the various subtypes and the clinical potential of receptor modulators; compounds available from Tocris are listed.
The key feature of drug addiction is the inability to stop using a drug despite clear evidence of harm. This poster describes the brain circuits associated with addiction, and provides an overview of the main classes of addictive drugs and the neurotransmitter systems that they target.
Epilepsy is a brain disease that affects 60 million people globally. More than 20 anti-seizure drugs are currently available, but these do not address the underlying causes of the condition. This poster summarizes current knowledge about the development of the condition and highlights some approaches that have disease-modifying effects in proof-of-concept studies.
Peripheral sensitization is the reduction in the threshold of excitability of sensory neurons that results in an augmented response to a given external stimulus. This poster outlines the excitatory and inhibitory signaling pathways involved in modulation of peripheral sensitization. The role of ion channels, GPCRs, neurotrophins, and cytokines in sensory neurons are also described.
Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric disorder that affects 1% of the worldwide population. This poster describes the neurobiology of Schizophrenia, as well as highlighting the genetic and environmental factors that play a fundamental role in the etiology of the disease. The current and emerging drug targets are also discussed.