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Biological Activity for VU 0424465
VU 0424465 is a potent mGlu5 positive allosteric modulator (EC50 = 1.5 nM) and agonist (EC50 = 171 nM; maximum effect is 65% that of glutamate). Binds allosteric site with high affinity (Ki = 11.8 nM). Increases maximum response to glutamate by 30%. Exhibits bias towards signaling via IP1 and ERK1/2 over iCa2+ in HEK293 and neuronal cells, and activates Gs in HEK 293 cells. Induces epileptiform activity in CA3 hippocampal neurons in vitro and convulsions in vivo.
Technical Data for VU 0424465
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
Solubility Data for VU 0424465
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions for VU 0424465
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 326.37. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||3.06 mL||15.32 mL||30.64 mL|
|5 mM||0.61 mL||3.06 mL||6.13 mL|
|10 mM||0.31 mL||1.53 mL||3.06 mL|
|50 mM||0.06 mL||0.31 mL||0.61 mL|
References for VU 0424465
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Rook et al (2013) Unique signaling profiles of positive allosteric modulators of metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 determine differences in in vivo activity. Biol.Psychiatry. 73 501 PMID: 23140665
Sengmany et al (2017) Biased allosteric agonism and modulation of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5: Implications for optimizing preclinical neuroscience drug discovery. Neuropharmacology 115 60 PMID: 27392634
Nasrallah et al (2018) Direct coupling of detergent purified human mGlu5 receptor to the heterotrimeric G proteins Gq and Gs. Sci.Rep. 8 4407 PMID: 29535347
If you know of a relevant reference for VU 0424465, please let us know.
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Keywords: VU 0424465, VU 0424465 supplier, VU0424465, metabotropic, glutamate, receptor, subtype, 5, mGlu5, mGluR, agonist, positive, allosteric, modulators, modulates, agonists, agonism, potent, high, affinity, Glutamate, (Metabotropic), Group, I, Receptors, 6895, Tocris Bioscience
Citations for VU 0424465
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.
The key feature of drug addiction is the inability to stop using a drug despite clear evidence of harm. This poster describes the brain circuits associated with addiction, and provides an overview of the main classes of addictive drugs and the neurotransmitter systems that they target.
Major depressive disorder is characterized by depressed mood and a loss of interest and/or pleasure. Updated in 2015 this poster highlights presynaptic and postsynaptic targets for the potential treatment of major depressive disorder, as well as outlining the pharmacology of currently approved antidepressant drugs.
Epilepsy is a brain disease that affects 60 million people globally. More than 20 anti-seizure drugs are currently available, but these do not address the underlying causes of the condition. This poster summarizes current knowledge about the development of the condition and highlights some approaches that have disease-modifying effects in proof-of-concept studies.
Huntington's Disease PosterUpdated
Huntington's disease (HD) is a severe monogenic neurodegenerative disorder, which is characterized by the prevalent loss of GABAergic medium spiny neurons (MSN) in the striatum. This poster summarizes the effects of mutant huntingtin aggregation implicated in the pathology of HD, as well as highlighting the use of iPSCs for HD modeling.
Learning & Memory Poster
Recognition memory enables us to make judgements about whether or not we have encountered a particular stimulus before. This poster outlines the cellular mechanisms underlying recognition memory and its links to long-term depression, as well as the use of pharmacological intervention to assess the role of neurotransmitters in recognition memory.
Peripheral sensitization is the reduction in the threshold of excitability of sensory neurons that results in an augmented response to a given external stimulus. This poster outlines the excitatory and inhibitory signaling pathways involved in modulation of peripheral sensitization. The role of ion channels, GPCRs, neurotrophins, and cytokines in sensory neurons are also described.
Parkinson's disease (PD) causes chronic disability and is the second most common neurodegenerative condition. This poster outlines the neurobiology of the disease, as well as highlighting current therapeutic treatments for symptomatic PD, and emerging therapeutic strategies to delay PD onset and progression.