A potent and selective inhibitor of the anandamide membrane transporter (AMT) with IC50 values of 4-11 μM. Displays negligible agonist activity at the hVR1 receptor and very weak action at CB1 and CB2 receptors. Ki values are > 5-10 μM at CB1 and CB2. Active in vivo. Also available in water-soluble emulsion (Cat. No. 1686).
|Storage||Desiccate at -20°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
|Solubility||Soluble in ethanol (supplied pre-dissolved in anhydrous ethanol, 5mg/ml)|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 409.61. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to solvent of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||2.44 mL||12.21 mL||24.41 mL|
|5 mM||0.49 mL||2.44 mL||4.88 mL|
|10 mM||0.24 mL||1.22 mL||2.44 mL|
|50 mM||0.05 mL||0.24 mL||0.49 mL|
References are publications that support the products' biological activity.
Bisogno et al (2001) The uptake by cells of 2-arachidonoylglycerol, an endogenous agonist of cannabinoid receptors. Eur.J.Biochem. 268 1982 PMID: 11277920
De Petrocellis et al (2000) Overlap between the ligand recognition properties of the anandamide transporter and the VR1 vanilloid receptor: inhibitors of anandamide uptake with negligible capsaicin-like activity. FEBS Lett. 483 52 PMID: 11033355
De Petrocellis et al (2001) The activity of anandamide at vanilloid VR1 receptors requires facilitated transport across the cell membrane and is limited by intracellular metabolism. J.Biol.Chem. 276 12856 PMID: 11278420
Gubellini et al (2002) Experimental Parkinsonism alters endocannabinoid degradation: implications for striatal glutamatergic transmission. J.Neurosci. 22 6900 PMID: 12177188
If you know of a relevant reference for VDM 11, please let us know.
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Keywords: VDM 11, supplier, Potent, selective, anandamide, transporters, inhibitors, inhibits, AMT, Cannabinoids, Monoamine, Neurotransmitter, VDM11, Cannabinoid, Transporters, Cannabinoid, Transporters, Tocris Bioscience
4 Citations for VDM 11
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for VDM 11 include:
Battista et al (2002) Anandamide uptake by synaptosomes from human, mouse and rat brain: inhibition by glutamine and glutamate. Cereb Cortex 1 1 PMID: 12617751
Buznikov et al (2010) A putative 'pre-nervous' endocannabinoid system in early echinoderm development. Dev Neurosci 32 1 PMID: 19907129
Hillard et al (2007) Inhibition of 2-arachidonoylglycerol catabolism modulates vasoconstriction of rat middle cerebral artery by the thromboxane mimetic, U-46619. Br J Pharmacol 152 691 PMID: 17891162
Newman et al (2007) Endocannabinoids mediate muscarine-induced synaptic depression at the vertebrate neuromuscular junction. Eur J Neurosci 25 1619 PMID: 17408433
Do you know of a great paper that uses VDM 11 from Tocris? If so please let us know.
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