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Biological Activity for VDM 11
A potent and selective inhibitor of the anandamide membrane transporter (AMT) with IC50 values of 4-11 μM. Displays negligible agonist activity at the hVR1 receptor and very weak action at CB1 and CB2 receptors. Ki values are > 5-10 μM at CB1 and CB2. Active in vivo. Also available in water-soluble emulsion (Cat. No. 1686).
Technical Data for VDM 11
|Storage||Desiccate at -20°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
References for VDM 11
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Bisogno et al (2001) The uptake by cells of 2-arachidonoylglycerol, an endogenous agonist of cannabinoid receptors. Eur.J.Biochem. 268 1982 PMID: 11277920
De Petrocellis et al (2000) Overlap between the ligand recognition properties of the anandamide transporter and the VR1 vanilloid receptor: inhibitors of anandamide uptake with negligible capsaicin-like activity. FEBS Lett. 483 52 PMID: 11033355
De Petrocellis et al (2001) The activity of anandamide at vanilloid VR1 receptors requires facilitated transport across the cell membrane and is limited by intracellular metabolism. J.Biol.Chem. 276 12856 PMID: 11278420
Gubellini et al (2002) Experimental Parkinsonism alters endocannabinoid degradation: implications for striatal glutamatergic transmission. J.Neurosci. 22 6900 PMID: 12177188
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Keywords: VDM 11, VDM 11 supplier, Potent, selective, anandamide, transporters, inhibitors, inhibits, AMT, Cannabinoids, Monoamine, Neurotransmitter, VDM11, Cannabinoid, Transporters, 1392, Tocris Bioscience
5 Citations for VDM 11
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for VDM 11 include:
Ronesi et al (2004) Disruption of endocannabinoid release and striatal long-term depression by postsynaptic blockade of endocannabinoid membrane transport. J Neurosci 24 1673 PMID: 14973237
Battista et al (2002) Anandamide uptake by synaptosomes from human, mouse and rat brain: inhibition by glutamine and glutamate. Cereb Cortex 1 1 PMID: 12617751
Hillard et al (2007) Inhibition of 2-arachidonoylglycerol catabolism modulates vasoconstriction of rat middle cerebral artery by the thromboxane mimetic, U-46619. Br J Pharmacol 152 691 PMID: 17891162
Newman et al (2007) Endocannabinoids mediate muscarine-induced synaptic depression at the vertebrate neuromuscular junction. Eur J Neurosci 25 1619 PMID: 17408433
Buznikov et al (2010) A putative 'pre-nervous' endocannabinoid system in early echinoderm development. Dev Neurosci 32 1 PMID: 19907129
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.
The key feature of drug addiction is the inability to stop using a drug despite clear evidence of harm. This poster describes the brain circuits associated with addiction, and provides an overview of the main classes of addictive drugs and the neurotransmitter systems that they target.