Histone deacetylase inhibitor that displays anticancer activity. Inhibits cell proliferation, invasion and migration and induces apoptosis in glioma cells. Also inhibits protein isoprenylation, depletes plasma glutamine, increases production of fetal hemoglobin through transcriptional activation of the γ-globin gene and affects hPPARγ activation.
Sodium 4-Phenylbutyrate is also offered as part of the Tocriscreen Plus, Tocriscreen Epigenetics Toolbox, Tocriscreen Library of FDA-Approved Compounds and Tocriscreen Stem Cell Toolbox. Find out more about compound libraries available from Tocris.
|Storage||Desiccate at -20°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 186.18. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to solvent of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||5.37 mL||26.86 mL||53.71 mL|
|5 mM||1.07 mL||5.37 mL||10.74 mL|
|10 mM||0.54 mL||2.69 mL||5.37 mL|
|50 mM||0.11 mL||0.54 mL||1.07 mL|
The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.
References are publications that support the products' biological activity.
Appelskog et al (2004) Histone deacetylase inhibitor 4-phenylbutyrate suppresses GADPH mRNA expression in glioma cells. Int.J.Oncol. 24 1419 PMID: 15138583
Ammerpohl et al (2007) Complementary effects of HDAC inhibitor 4-PB on gap junction communication and cellular export mechanisms support restoration of chemosensitivity of PDAC cells. Br.J.Cancer 96 73 PMID: 17164759
Khan et al (2011) HDAC inhibitor 4-phenylbutyrate preserves immature phenotype of human embryonic midbrain stem cells: implications for the involvement of DNA methyltransferase. Int.J.Mol.Med. 28 977 PMID: 21894430
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Keywords: Histone deacetylases inhibitors inhibits HDAC epigenetics 4-PB Sodium phenylbutyrate Histone Deacetylases
1 Citation for Sodium 4-Phenylbutyrate
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for Sodium 4-Phenylbutyrate include:
Karadottir et al (2015) Cyclic mechanical stretch down-regulates cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide expression and activates a pro-inflammatory response in human bronchial epithelial cells. Oncotarget 3 e1483 PMID: 26664810
Do you know of a great paper that uses Sodium 4-Phenylbutyrate from Tocris? If so please let us know.
Literature in this Area
Epigenetics Scientific Review
Written by Susanne Müller-Knapp and Peter J. Brown, this review gives an overview of the development of chemical probes for epigenetic targets, as well as the impact of these tool compounds being made available to the scientific community. In addition, their biological effects are also discussed. Epigenetic compounds available from Tocris are listed.
Epigenetics Research Bulletin
Produced by Tocris and updated in 2014, the epigenetics research bulletin gives an introduction into mechanisms of epigenetic regulation, and highlights key Tocris products for epigenetics targets including:
- DNA Methyltransferases
- Histone Deacetylases
- Histone Demethylases
- Histone Methyltransferases
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