Potent and selective σ2 antagonist with central effects following systemic administration. Causes increased release of acetylcholine at central muscarinic synapses. Potent analgesic (efficacy comparable to morphine) and nootropic agent.
|Storage||Store at RT|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 453.92. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to solvent of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||2.2 mL||11.02 mL||22.03 mL|
|5 mM||0.44 mL||2.2 mL||4.41 mL|
|10 mM||0.22 mL||1.1 mL||2.2 mL|
|50 mM||0.04 mL||0.22 mL||0.44 mL|
The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.
References are publications that support the products' biological activity.
Ghelardini et al (1997) Antinociceptive profile of 3-α-tropanyl-(2-Cl)-acid phenoxybutyrate (SM-21): a novel analgesic with a presynaptic cholinergic mechanism of action. J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther. 282 430 PMID: 9223584
Ghelardini et al (2000) Pharmacological identification of SM-21, the novel σ2 antagonist. Pharmacol.Biochem.Behav. 67 659 PMID: 11164098
Matsumoto and Mack (2001) (±)-SM 21 attenuates the convulsive and locomotor stimulatory effects of cocaine in mice. Eur.J.Pharmacol. 417 R1 PMID: 11301071
If you know of a relevant reference for SM-21 maleate, please let us know.
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Keywords: SM-21 maleate, supplier, Selective, σ2, sigma2, receptors, antagonists, Presynaptic, cholinergic, modulators, Muscarinic, Acetylcholine, release, Nicotinic, nAChR, Other, Acetylcholine, Tocris Bioscience
2 Citations for SM-21 maleate
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for SM-21 maleate include:
Ishima and Hashimoto (2012) Potentiation of nerve growth factor-induced neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells by ifenprodil: the role of σ-1 and IP3 receptors. J Diabetes Res 7 e37989 PMID: 22655093
Matsumoto et al (2007) Effects of UMB24 and (+/-)-SM 21, putative σ2-preferring antagonists, on behavioral toxic and stimulant effects of cocaine in mice. PLoS One 86 86 PMID: 17241657
Do you know of a great paper that uses SM-21 maleate from Tocris? If so please let us know.
Literature in this Area
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