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Active enantiomer. Selective D2-like dopamine antagonist (Ki values are ~ 0.015. ~ 0.013, 1, ~ 45 and ~ 77 μM at D2, D3, D4, D1 and D5 receptors respectively).
Racemate also available.
|Storage||Store at RT|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
|ethanol||3.41||10 with gentle warming|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 341.42. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||2.93 mL||14.64 mL||29.29 mL|
|5 mM||0.59 mL||2.93 mL||5.86 mL|
|10 mM||0.29 mL||1.46 mL||2.93 mL|
|50 mM||0.06 mL||0.29 mL||0.59 mL|
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Seeman and Van Tol (1993) DA D4 receptors bind inactive (+)-aporphines, suggesting neuroleptic role. Sulpiride not stereoselective. Eur.J.Pharmacol. 233 173 PMID: 8097160
Seeman and Van Tol (1994) DA receptor pharmacology. TiPS 15 264 PMID: 7940991
Merck Index 12 9163
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Keywords: (S)-(-)-Sulpiride, (S)-(-)-Sulpiride supplier, selective, D2-like, antagonists, Dopamine, Non-Selective, Receptors, D3, D4, dopaminergic, Non-selective, 0895, Tocris Bioscience
20 Citations for (S)-(-)-Sulpiride
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for (S)-(-)-Sulpiride include:
Dorst et al (2020) Polysynaptic inhibition between striatal cholinergic interneurons shapes their network activity patterns in a dopamine-dependent manner. Nat Commun 11 5113 PMID: 33037215
Lim et al (2014) A leptin-mediated central mechanism in analgesia-enhanced opioid reward in rats. J Neurosci 34 9779 PMID: 25031415
Beas et al (2018) The locus coeruleus drives disinhibition in the midline thalamus via a dopaminergic mechanism. Nat Neurosci 21 963 PMID: 29915192
Kim et al (2015) Spinal DArgic projections control the transition to pathological pain plasticity via a D1/D5-mediated mechanism. J Neurophysiol 35 6307 PMID: 25904784
Shin et al (2015) Muscarinic regulation of DA and glutamate transmission in the nucleus accumbens. J Clin Invest 112 8124 PMID: 26080439
Baca et al (2013) Gene-environment interactions affect long-term depression (LTD) through changes in DA receptor affinity in Snap25 deficient mice. Brain Res 1532 85 PMID: 23939223
Wang et al (2006) DArgic control of corticostriatal long-term synaptic depression in medium spiny neurons is mediated by cholinergic interneurons. Neuron 50 443 PMID: 16675398
Dragicevic et al (2014) Cav1.3 channels control D2-autoreceptor responses via NCS-1 in substantia nigra DA neurons. J Neurosci 137 2287 PMID: 24934288
Yang et al (2004) Inhibition of ATP-sensitive potassium channels by halope. Br J Pharmacol 143 960 PMID: 15533888
Marcott et al (2014) Phasic DA release drives rapid activation of striatal D2-receptors. Neuron 84 164 PMID: 25242218
Chuhma et al (2009) DA neuron glutamate cotransmission: frequency-dependent modulation in the mesoventromedial projection. Neuroscience 164 1068 PMID: 19729052
Brzosko et al (2015) Retroactive modulation of spike timing-dependent plasticity by DA. Elife 4 PMID: 26516682
Jensen (2015) Effects of DA D2-Like Receptor Antagonists on Light Responses of Ganglion Cells in Wild-Type and P23H Rat Retinas. PLoS One 10 e0146154 PMID: 26717015
Ma et al (2015) Agonist and antagonist effects of aripipr. on D2-like receptors controlling rat brain DA synthesis depend on the DArgic tone. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 18 PMID: 25522390
Costa et al (2008) Electrophysiology and pharmacology of striatal neuronal dysfunction induced by mitochondrial complex I inhibition. J Neurosci 28 8040 PMID: 18685029
Dai et al (2018) Selective blockade of spinal D2DR by levo-corydalmine attenuates MOR tolerance via suppressing PI3K/Akt-MAPK signaling in a MOR-dependent manner. Exp Mol Med 50 148 PMID: 30429454
Maher and Westbrook (2008) Co-transmission of DA and GABA in periglomerular cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99 1559 PMID: 18216231
Cilz et al (2014) DArgic modulation of GABAergic transmission in the entorhinal cortex: concerted roles of α1 adrenoreceptors, inward rectifier K+, and T-type Ca2+ channels. Cereb Cortex 24 3195 PMID: 23843440
Kurita et al (2012) HDAC2 regulates atypical antipsychotic responses through the modulation of mGlu2 promoter activity. Nat Neurosci 15 1245 PMID: 22864611
Ishima et al (2012) Neurite outgrowth mediated by the heat shock protein Hsp90α: a novel target for the antipsychotic drug aripipr. Transl Psychiatry 2 e170 PMID: 23047241
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(S)‐sulpiride (Sul) was in use to block D2 dopamine receptors and thus prevent D2-mediated suppression of NMDA receptors response. The compound worked as expected, generating a discernible increase of amplitudes of NMDA-receptor – mediated evoked post-synaptic potentials in cultured dopamine neurons when applied with SCH‐23390 (see illustration). No problem with dissolution in DMSO for 10 mM stock.
Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.
Dopamine Receptors Scientific Review
Written by Phillip Strange and revised by Kim Neve in 2013, this review summarizes the history of the dopamine receptors and provides an overview of individual receptor subtype properties, their distribution and identifies ligands which act at each receptor subtype. Compounds available from Tocris are listed.
Parkinson's disease (PD) causes chronic disability and is the second most common neurodegenerative condition. This poster outlines the neurobiology of the disease, as well as highlighting current therapeutic treatments for symptomatic PD, and emerging therapeutic strategies to delay PD onset and progression.
Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric disorder that affects 1% of the worldwide population. This poster describes the neurobiology of Schizophrenia, as well as highlighting the genetic and environmental factors that play a fundamental role in the etiology of the disease. The current and emerging drug targets are also discussed.