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Water soluble ruthenium-bipyridine-triphenylphosphine caged 4-aminopyridine (4-AP). Excited by visible wavelengths and has two-photon uncaging capabilities under physiological conditions. Releases 4-AP (Cat. No. 0940), a voltage-dependent K+ channel blocker.
Sold under licence from Columbia University
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 672.58. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|0.3 mM||4.96 mL||24.78 mL||49.56 mL|
|1.5 mM||0.99 mL||4.96 mL||9.91 mL|
|3 mM||0.5 mL||2.48 mL||4.96 mL|
|15 mM||0.1 mL||0.5 mL||0.99 mL|
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Zayat et al (2003) A new strategy for neurochemical photodelivery: Metal-ligand heterolytic cleavage. J.Am.Chem.Soc. 125 882 PMID: 12537482
Nikolenko et al (2005) Two-photon uncaging of neurochemicals using inorganic metal complexes. Chem.Commun. 13 1752
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Literature in this Area
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Epilepsy is a brain disease that affects 60 million people globally. More than 20 anti-seizure drugs are currently available, but these do not address the underlying causes of the condition. This poster summarizes current knowledge about the development of the condition and highlights some approaches that have disease-modifying effects in proof-of-concept studies.
Peripheral sensitization is the reduction in the threshold of excitability of sensory neurons that results in an augmented response to a given external stimulus. This poster outlines the excitatory and inhibitory signaling pathways involved in modulation of peripheral sensitization. The role of ion channels, GPCRs, neurotrophins, and cytokines in sensory neurons are also described.