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Highly selective non-peptide δ opioid antagonist, showing 223- and 346-fold greater activity at δ than at μ and κ opioid receptors.
Sold with the permission of the University of Minnesota.
|Storage||Store at RT|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 450.96. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||2.22 mL||11.09 mL||22.17 mL|
|5 mM||0.44 mL||2.22 mL||4.43 mL|
|10 mM||0.22 mL||1.11 mL||2.22 mL|
|50 mM||0.04 mL||0.22 mL||0.44 mL|
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Ossipov et al (1994) Naltrindole, an opioid δ antagonist, blocks the enhancement of morphine-antinociception induced by a CCKB antagonist in the rat. Neurosci. Lett. 181 9 PMID: 7898778
Portoghese et al (1990) Design of peptidomimetic δ opioid receptor antagonists using the message-address concept. J.Med.Chem. 33 1714 PMID: 2160538
Shippenberg and Heidbreder (1995) The δ-opioid receptor antagonist naltrindole prevents sensitization to the conditioned rewarding effects of cocaine. Eur.J.Pharmacol. 280 55 PMID: 7498254
If you know of a relevant reference for Naltrindole hydrochloride, please let us know.
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Keywords: Naltrindole hydrochloride, Naltrindole hydrochloride supplier, δ-opioid, delta-opioid, selective, non-peptide, antagonists, DOP, Receptors, OP1, Delta, Opioid, 0740, Tocris Bioscience
23 Citations for Naltrindole hydrochloride
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for Naltrindole hydrochloride include:
Romero-Picó et al (2013) Hypothalamic κ-opioid receptor modulates the orexigenic effect of ghrelin. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 38 1296 PMID: 23348063
Leal et al (2013) Peripheral δ-opioid receptors attenuate the exercise pressor reflex. Br J Pharmacol 305 H1246 PMID: 23934854
Beaudry et al (2011) Activation of spinal mu- and δ-opioid receptors potently inhibits substance P release induced by peripheral noxious stimuli. Neuropsychopharmacology 31 13068 PMID: 21917790
Smith et al (2016) Endogenous central amygdala mu-opioid receptor signaling promotes sodium appetite in mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 113 13893 PMID: 27849613
Laurent et al (2014) δ-opioid and DArgic processes in accumbens shell modulate the cholinergic control of predictive learning and choice. J Neurosci 34 1358 PMID: 24453326
Burbassi et al (2010) Alterations of CXCR4 function in μ-opioid receptor-deficient glia. Eur J Neurosci 32 1278 PMID: 20880358
Sánchez-Blázquez et al (2010) Mu-opioid receptors transiently activate the Akt-nNOS pathway to produce sustained potentiation of PKC-mediated NMDAR-CaMKII signaling. PLoS One 5 e11278 PMID: 20585660
García-Fuster et al (2007) Effects of opiate drugs on Fas-associated protein with death domain (FADD) and effector caspases in the rat brain: regulation by the ERK1/2 MAP kinase pathway. Br J Pharmacol 32 399 PMID: 16482086
Dai et al (2018) Selective blockade of spinal D2DR by levo-corydalmine attenuates MOR tolerance via suppressing PI3K/Akt-MAPK signaling in a MOR-dependent manner. Exp Mol Med 50 148 PMID: 30429454
Morse et al (2013) Label-free integrative pharmacology on-target of opioid ligands at the opioid receptor family. BMC Pharmacol Toxicol 14 17 PMID: 23497702
Xu et al (2016) Cytoprotection against Hypoxic and/or MPP? Injury: Effect of δ-Opioid Receptor Activation on Caspase 3. Int J Mol Sci 17 PMID: 27517901
Bigliardi et al (2015) Activation of the δ-opioid receptor promotes cutaneous wound healing by affecting keratinocyte intercellular adhesion and migration. PLoS One 172 501 PMID: 24628261
Chen et al (2015) Berberine Improves Intestinal Motility and Visceral Pain in the Mouse Models Mimicking Diarrhea-Predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS-D) Symptoms in an Opioid-Receptor Dependent Manner. J Neurosci 10 e0145556 PMID: 26700862
Schuster et al (2015) Ligand requirements for involvement of PKCη in synergistic analgesic interactions between spinal μ and δ opioid receptors. J Biomed Sci 172 642 PMID: 24827408
Yi et al (2015) Low-frequency electroacupuncture suppresses focal epilepsy and improves epilepsy-induced sleep disruptions. Diabetes 22 49 PMID: 26150021
van Cleef et al (2013) Identification of a new dengue virus inhibitor that targets the viral NS4B protein and restricts genomic RNA replication. Antiviral Res. 99 165 PMID: 23735301
Choi et al (2010) Roles of opioid receptor subtype in the spinal antinociception of selective cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor. Korean J Pain 23 236 PMID: 21217886
Gross et al (2010) Evidence for a role of opioids in epoxyeicosatrienoic acid-induced cardioprotection in rat hearts. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 298 H2201 PMID: 20400686
Wang et al (2010) Coexpression of delta- and mu-opioid receptors in nociceptive sensory neurons. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107 13117 PMID: 20615975
Neumann et al (2015) The δ-opioid receptor affects epidermal homeostasis via ERK-dependent inhibition of transcription factor POU2F3. J Invest Dermatol 135 471 PMID: 25178105
Morse et al (2011) Ligand-directed functional selectivity at the mu opioid receptor revealed by label-free integrative pharmacology on-target. PLoS One 6 e25643 PMID: 22003401
Cheng et al (2009) Endogenous opiates in the nucleus tractus solitarius mediate electroacupuncture-induced sleep activities in rats. Neuropsychopharmacology 2011 159209 PMID: 19729491
Schmid et al (2017) Bias Factor and Therapeutic Window Correlate to Predict Safer Opioid Analgesics. Cell 171 1165 PMID: 29149605
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* or download your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.
Peptides Involved in Appetite Modulation Scientific Review
Written by Sonia Tucci, Lynsay Kobelis and Tim Kirkham, this review provides a synopsis of the increasing number of peptides that have been implicated in appetite regulation and energy homeostasis; putative roles of the major peptides are outlined and compounds available from Tocris are listed.
The key feature of drug addiction is the inability to stop using a drug despite clear evidence of harm. This poster describes the brain circuits associated with addiction, and provides an overview of the main classes of addictive drugs and the neurotransmitter systems that they target.
Peripheral sensitization is the reduction in the threshold of excitability of sensory neurons that results in an augmented response to a given external stimulus. This poster outlines the excitatory and inhibitory signaling pathways involved in modulation of peripheral sensitization. The role of ion channels, GPCRs, neurotrophins, and cytokines in sensory neurons are also described.