Potent blocker of voltage-sensitive K+ channels (IC50 values are 0.1, 1.1 and 25 nM for KV1.3, KV1.1 and KV1.2 channels) respectively). Also inhibits Ca2+-activated K+ channels.
(Modifications: Disulfide bridge between 8 - 28, 14 - 33, 18 - 35)
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
|Solubility||Soluble to 2 mg/ml in water|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 4149.94. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to solvent of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||0.24 mL||1.2 mL||2.41 mL|
|5 mM||0.05 mL||0.24 mL||0.48 mL|
|10 mM||0.02 mL||0.12 mL||0.24 mL|
|50 mM||0 mL||0.02 mL||0.05 mL|
References are publications that support the products' biological activity.
Romi et al (1993) Synthesis and characterization of kaliotoxin: is the 26-32 sequence essential for potassium channel recognition? J.Biol.Chem. 268 26302 PMID: 8253752
Mourre et al (1999) Distribution in rat brain of binding sites of kaliotoxin, a blocker of Kv1.1and Kv1.3 α-subunits. J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther. 291 943 PMID: 10565809
Korukottu et al (2008) High-resolution 3D structure determination of kaliotoxin by solid-state NMR spectroscopy. PLoS ONE 3 e2359 PMID: 18523586
If you know of a relevant reference for Kaliotoxin, please let us know.
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* or download your copy today!
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Peripheral sensitization is the reduction in the threshold of excitability of sensory neurons that results in an augmented response to a given external stimulus. This poster outlines the excitatory and inhibitory signaling pathways involved in modulation of peripheral sensitization. The role of ion channels, GPCRs, neurotrophins, and cytokines in sensory neurons are also described.