Naturally occurring flavonoid found in Gingko biloba and red wines that activates the mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter (EC50 = 7 μM). Induces caspase-9-mediated apoptosis in a variety of cancer cell lines via downregulation of polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) expression. Exhibits antioxidant activity and attenuates osteoclastic bone reabsorption in vitro. Also blocks EGF-induced histone H3Ser10 phosphorylation in mouse epidermal JB6 C141 cells.
|Storage||Store at +4°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 286.24. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to solvent of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||3.49 mL||17.47 mL||34.94 mL|
|5 mM||0.7 mL||3.49 mL||6.99 mL|
|10 mM||0.35 mL||1.75 mL||3.49 mL|
|50 mM||0.07 mL||0.35 mL||0.7 mL|
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Montero et al (2004) Direct activation of the mitochondrial calcium uniporter by natural plant flavonoids. Biochem.J. 384 19 PMID: 15324303
Suh et al (2009) Kaempferol attenuates 2-deoxy-D-ribose-induced oxidative cell damage in MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells. Biol.Pharm.Bull. 32 746 PMID: 19336918
Kang et al (2009) Downregulation of PLK-1 expression in kaempferol-induced apoptosis of MCF-7 cells. Eur.J.Pharmacol. 611 17 PMID: 19356725
Vay et al (2009) Modulation of Ca2+ release and Ca2+ oscillations in HeLa cells and fibroblasts by mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter stimulation. J.Physiol. 580 39
Cho et al (2007) Ribosomal S6 kinase 2 is a key regulator in tumor promoter induced cell transformation. Cancer Res. 67 8104 PMID: 17804722
If you know of a relevant reference for Kaempferol, please let us know.
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Keywords: Kaempferol, Kaempferol supplier, Mitochondrial, Ca2+, uniporter, MCU, activators, proapoptotic, downregulates, PLK1, expression, Ion, Pumps, Transporters, Apoptosis, Inducer, Kempferol, Inducers, IRE1, Calcium, Uniporter, RSK, 3603, Tocris Bioscience
1 Citation for Kaempferol
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for Kaempferol include:
Tran et al (2014) Identification of small molecules that protect pancreatic β cells against endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced cell death. ACS Chem Biol 9 2796 PMID: 25279668
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Programmed Cell Death Poster
There are two currently recognized forms of programmed cell death: apoptosis and necroptosis. This poster summarizes the signaling pathways involved in apoptosis, necroptosis and cell survival following death receptor activation, and highlights the influence of the molecular switch, cFLIP, on cell fate.