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Biological Activity for Givinostat hydrochloride
Givinostat hydrochloride is a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor (IC50 = 7.5 to 16 nM). At low concentrations reduces release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including TNFα, INFγ, IL-1α and IL-1β, from LPS stimulated PBMCs in vitro. Exhibits anti-inflammatory effects in vivo. Improves functional recovery and attenuates tissue damage in a mouse model of traumatic brain injury.
Compound Libraries for Givinostat hydrochloride
Technical Data for Givinostat hydrochloride
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
Solubility Data for Givinostat hydrochloride
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions for Givinostat hydrochloride
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 457.95. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||2.18 mL||10.92 mL||21.84 mL|
|5 mM||0.44 mL||2.18 mL||4.37 mL|
|10 mM||0.22 mL||1.09 mL||2.18 mL|
|50 mM||0.04 mL||0.22 mL||0.44 mL|
Product Datasheets for Givinostat hydrochloride
References for Givinostat hydrochloride
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Leoni et al (2005) The histone deacetylase inhibitor ITF2357 reduces production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in vitro and systemic inflammation in vivo. Mol.Med. 11 1 PMID: 16557334
Shein et al (2009) Histone deacetylase inhibitor ITF2357 is neuroprotective, improves functional recovery, and induces glial apoptosis following experimental traumatic brain injury. FASEB.J. 23 4266 PMID: 19723705
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Citations for Givinostat hydrochloride
Citations are publications that use Tocris products.
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Reviews for Givinostat hydrochloride
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.
Epigenetics Scientific Review
Written by Susanne Müller-Knapp and Peter J. Brown, this review gives an overview of the development of chemical probes for epigenetic targets, as well as the impact of these tool compounds being made available to the scientific community. In addition, their biological effects are also discussed. Epigenetic compounds available from Tocris are listed.
Epigenetics Research Bulletin
Produced by Tocris and updated in 2014, the epigenetics research bulletin gives an introduction into mechanisms of epigenetic regulation, and highlights key Tocris products for epigenetics targets including:
- DNA Methyltransferases
- Histone Deacetylases
- Histone Demethylases
- Histone Methyltransferases
Rheumatoid Arthritis Poster
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic destructive inflammatory autoimmune disease that results from a breakdown in immune tolerance, for reasons that are as yet unknown. This poster summarizes the pathology of RA and the inflammatory processes involved, as well as describing some of the epigenetic modifications associated with the disease and the potential for targeting these changes in the discovery of new treatments.