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Biological Activity for Galunisertib
Galunisertib is an ALK4 and ALK5 (TGFβRI) inhibitor (IC50 values are 77.7 and 172 nM, respectively). Also inhibits a range of other kinases with submicromolar IC50s including MINK, TGFβRII, ALK6 and ACVR2B. Inhibits TGFβ-induced SMAD phosphorylation in cancer cell lines in vitro and in vivo. Also reverses TGFβ-mediated suppression of T cell proliferation. Prevents TGFβ-mediated EMT and cell migration in vitro and exhibits antitumor efficacy in vivo. Used as component of growth media for urothelial organoids. Orally bioavailable.
Compound Libraries for Galunisertib
Technical Data for Galunisertib
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
Solubility Data for Galunisertib
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions for Galunisertib
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 369.43. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||2.71 mL||13.53 mL||27.07 mL|
|5 mM||0.54 mL||2.71 mL||5.41 mL|
|10 mM||0.27 mL||1.35 mL||2.71 mL|
|50 mM||0.05 mL||0.27 mL||0.54 mL|
References for Galunisertib
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Yingling et al (2017) Preclinical assessment of galunisertib (LY2157299 monohydrate), a first-in-class transforming growth factor-β receptor type I inhibitor. Oncotarget 9 6659 PMID: 29467918
Holmgaard et al (2018) Targeting the TGFβ pathway with galunisertib, a TGFβRI small molecule inhibitor, promotes anti-tumor immunity leading to durable, complete responses, as monotherapy and in combination with checkpoint blockade. J.Immunother.Cancer. 6 47 PMID: 29866156
Santos et al (2019) Urothelial organoids originating from Cd49fhigh mouse stem cells display Notch-dependent differentiation capacity. Nat.Commun. 10 4407 PMID: 31562298
If you know of a relevant reference for Galunisertib, please let us know.
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Keywords: Galunisertib, Galunisertib supplier, TGFbetaRI, TGFBRI, inhibitors, inhibits, ALK5, ALK4, smad, phosphorylation, anticancer, orally, bioavailable, growth, media, organoids, LY, 2157299, TGF-beta, Receptors, Organoids, 6956, Tocris Bioscience
1 Citation for Galunisertib
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for Galunisertib include:
Natani et al (2022) Activation of TGF-β - SMAD2 signaling by IL-6 drives neuroendocrine differentiation of prostate cancer through p38MAPK. Cell Signal 91 110240 PMID: 34986386
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.
Stem Cells Scientific Review
Written by Kirsty E. Clarke, Victoria B. Christie, Andy Whiting and Stefan A. Przyborski, this review provides an overview of the use of small molecules in the control of stem cell growth and differentiation. Key signaling pathways are highlighted, and the regulation of ES cell self-renewal and somatic cell reprogramming is discussed. Compounds available from Tocris are listed.