(±)-Bay K 8644
L-type Ca2+ channel activator (EC50 = 17.3 nM). Has positive inotropic, vasoconstrictive and behavioral effects in vivo. In combination with BIX-01294 (Cat. No. 3364), helps generate induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs). Inhibits autophagy.
|Storage||Store at +4°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 356.3. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to solvent of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||2.81 mL||14.03 mL||28.07 mL|
|5 mM||0.56 mL||2.81 mL||5.61 mL|
|10 mM||0.28 mL||1.4 mL||2.81 mL|
|50 mM||0.06 mL||0.28 mL||0.56 mL|
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Bourson et al (1989) Central and peripheral effects of the dihydropyridine calcium channel activator BAY K 8644 in the rat. Eur.J.Pharmacol. 160 339 PMID: 2469593
Greenberg et al (1984) Calcium channel 'agonist' BAY K 8644 inhibits calcium antagonist binding to brain and PC12 cell membranes. Brain Res. 305 365 PMID: 6204725
Shi et al (2008) Induction of pluripotent stem cells from mouse embryonic fibroblasts by Oct4 and Klf4 with small-molecule compounds. Cell Stem Cell 3 568 PMID: 18983970
Sarkar et al (2009) Rapamycin and mTOR-independent autophagy inducers ameliorate toxicity of polyglutamine-expanded huntingtin and related proteinopathies. Cell Death Differ. 16 46 PMID: 18636076
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Keywords: (±)-Bay K 8644, (±)-Bay K 8644 supplier, Ca2+-channel, activators, L-type, Calcium, CaV, Channels, L-Type, voltage-gated, voltage-dependent, Ca2+, (±)-BayK8644, Voltage-gated, Reprogramming, Autophagy, 1544, Tocris Bioscience
14 Citations for (±)-Bay K 8644
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for (±)-Bay K 8644 include:
Subramanian and Morozov (2011) Erk1/2 inhibit synaptic vesicle exocytosis through L-type calcium channels. J Neurosci 31 4755 PMID: 21430174
Bellono (2017) Molecular basis of ancestral vertebrate electroreception. Nature 543 391 PMID: 28264196
Saliba et al (2012) Activity-dependent phosphorylation of GABAA receptors regulates receptor insertion and tonic current. PLoS One 31 2937 PMID: 22531784
Ets (2016) Sustained Contraction in Vascular Smooth Muscle by Activation of L-type Ca2+ Channels Does Not Involve Ca2+ Sensitization or Caldesmon. Front Pharmacol 7 516 PMID: 28082901
Sharma et al (2016) Suppression of protective responses upon activation of L-type voltage gated calcium channel in macrophages during mycobacterium bovis BCG infection PLoS One 11 e0163845 PMID: 27723836
Fransen et al (2015) Dissecting out the complex Ca2+-mediated phenylephrine-induced contractions of mouse aortic segments. Circ Heart Fail 10 e0121634 PMID: 25803863
Lee et al (2013) TRPM2 channels are required for NMDA-induced burst firing and contribute to H(2)O(2)-dependent modulation in substantia nigra pars reticulata GABAergic neurons. J Neurosci 33 1157 PMID: 23325252
Tian et al (2010) MEF-2 regulates activity-dependent spine loss in striatopallidal medium spiny neurons. Mol Cell Neurosci 44 94 PMID: 20197093
Cagalinec et al (2016) Role of Mitochondrial Dynamics in Neuronal Development: Mechanism for Wolfram Syndrome. PLoS Biol 14 e1002511 PMID: 27434582
Armstrong and Drapeau (2013) Calcium channel agonists protect against neuromuscular dysfunction in a genetic model of TDP-43 mutation in ALS. EMBO J 33 1741 PMID: 23345247
Mazzuca et al (2015) Estrogen receptor subtypes mediate distinct microvascular dilation and reduction in [Ca2+]I in mesenteric microvessels of female rat. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 352 291 PMID: 25472954
Grassin-Delyle et al (2013) The expression and relaxant effect of bitter taste receptors in human bronchi. Respir Res 14 134 PMID: 24266887
Cerignoli et al (2012) High throughput measurement of Ca2+ dynamics for drug risk assessment in human stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes by kinetic image cytometry. J Pharmacol Toxicol Methods 66 246 PMID: 22926323
Yang et al (2012) A critical role for protein tyrosine phosphatase nonreceptor type 5 in determining individual susceptibility to develop stress-related cognitive and morphological changes. J Neurosci 32 7550 PMID: 22649233
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* or download your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.
Major depressive disorder is characterized by depressed mood and a loss of interest and/or pleasure. Updated in 2015 this poster highlights presynaptic and postsynaptic targets for the potential treatment of major depressive disorder, as well as outlining the pharmacology of currently approved antidepressant drugs.
Epilepsy is a brain disease that affects 60 million people globally. More than 20 anti-seizure drugs are currently available, but these do not address the underlying causes of the condition. This poster summarizes current knowledge about the development of the condition and highlights some approaches that have disease-modifying effects in proof-of-concept studies.