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Active isomer of medetomidine, a potent, highly selective α2-adrenoceptor agonist (Ki values are 1.08 and 1750 nM for α2- and α1-adrenoceptors respectively). Displays greater selectivity over α1-adrenoceptors than clonidine and UK 14,304 (1620-, 220- and 300-fold respectively). Active in vivo; displays hypotensive, bradycardic, sedative, anxiolytic, hypothermic and analgesic effects.
Racemate also available.
|Storage||Desiccate at RT|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 236.74. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||4.22 mL||21.12 mL||42.24 mL|
|5 mM||0.84 mL||4.22 mL||8.45 mL|
|10 mM||0.42 mL||2.11 mL||4.22 mL|
|50 mM||0.08 mL||0.42 mL||0.84 mL|
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Virtanen et al (1988) Characterization of the selectivity, specificity and potency of medetomidine as an α2-adrenoceptor agonist. Eur.J.Pharmacol. 150 9 PMID: 2900154
Fisher et al (1991) Antinociceptive properties of intrathecal dexmedetom. in rats. Eur.J.Pharmacol. 192 221 PMID: 1674472
Scheinin et al (1989) Medetomidine - a novel α2-adrenoceptor agonist: a review of its pharmacodynamic effects. Prog.Neuro-Psychopharm.Biol.Psychiat. 13 635
If you know of a relevant reference for Dexmedetomidine hydrochloride, please let us know.
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7 Citations for Dexmedetomidine hydrochloride
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for Dexmedetomidine hydrochloride include:
Uchida et al (2019) Induction of Non-Apoptotic Cell Death by Adrenergic Agonists in Human Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cell Lines. Anticancer Res 39 3519 PMID: 31262876
Ma et al (2019) Galanin Neurons Unite Sleep Homeostasis and α2-Adrenergic Sedation Curr Biol 29 3315 PMID: 31543455
Gozzi et al (2013) Differential effect of orexin-1 and CRF-1 antagonism on stress circuits: a fMRI study in the rat with the pharmacological stressor Yohimbine. Neuropsychopharmacology 38 2120 PMID: 23736277
Garrity et al (2015) Dexmedetomidine-induced sedation does not mimic the neurobehavioral phenotypes of sleep in Sprague Dawley rat. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 38 73 PMID: 25325438
McAlvin et al (2015) Corneal Anesthesia With Site 1 Sodium Channel Blockers and dexmedetom. J Inflamm (Lond) 56 3820 PMID: 26066750
Yuki et al (2011) Sedative drug modulates T-cell and lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 function. Anesth Analg 112 830 PMID: 21385989
Rennekamp et al (2016) σ1 receptor ligands control a switch between passive and active threat responses. Nat Chem Biol 12 552 PMID: 27239788
Do you know of a great paper that uses Dexmedetomidine hydrochloride from Tocris? Please let us know.
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Literature in this Area
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Major depressive disorder is characterized by depressed mood and a loss of interest and/or pleasure. Updated in 2015 this poster highlights presynaptic and postsynaptic targets for the potential treatment of major depressive disorder, as well as outlining the pharmacology of currently approved antidepressant drugs.
Peripheral sensitization is the reduction in the threshold of excitability of sensory neurons that results in an augmented response to a given external stimulus. This poster outlines the excitatory and inhibitory signaling pathways involved in modulation of peripheral sensitization. The role of ion channels, GPCRs, neurotrophins, and cytokines in sensory neurons are also described.
Parkinson's disease (PD) causes chronic disability and is the second most common neurodegenerative condition. This poster outlines the neurobiology of the disease, as well as highlighting current therapeutic treatments for symptomatic PD, and emerging therapeutic strategies to delay PD onset and progression.