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mGlu4 receptor agonist. Activates mGlu4 receptors in transiently transfected HEK293 cells; selective over all other mGlu subtypes (mGlu1, mGlu2 and mGlu5-8). Decreases cAMP levels in native cultured cerebellar granule cells. Also counteracts excitotoxic neuronal cell death induced by NMDA in mixed cultures of cortical cells; displays neuroprotective activity.
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 300.22. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||3.33 mL||16.65 mL||33.31 mL|
|5 mM||0.67 mL||3.33 mL||6.66 mL|
|10 mM||0.33 mL||1.67 mL||3.33 mL|
|50 mM||0.07 mL||0.33 mL||0.67 mL|
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Fazio (2012) Cinnabarinic acid, an endogenous metabolite of the kynurenine pathway, activates type-4 metabotropic glutamate receptors. Mol.Pharmacol. Feb 6 Epub ahead of print PMID: 22311707
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Keywords: Cinnabarinic acid, Cinnabarinic acid supplier, metabotropic, glutamate, mglu4, agonists, selective, Glutamate, (Metabotropic), Group, III, Receptors, 4119, Tocris Bioscience
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Literature in this Area
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The key feature of drug addiction is the inability to stop using a drug despite clear evidence of harm. This poster describes the brain circuits associated with addiction, and provides an overview of the main classes of addictive drugs and the neurotransmitter systems that they target.
Epilepsy is a brain disease that affects 60 million people globally. More than 20 anti-seizure drugs are currently available, but these do not address the underlying causes of the condition. This poster summarizes current knowledge about the development of the condition and highlights some approaches that have disease-modifying effects in proof-of-concept studies.
Learning & Memory Poster
Recognition memory enables us to make judgements about whether or not we have encountered a particular stimulus before. This poster outlines the cellular mechanisms underlying recognition memory and its links to long-term depression, as well as the use of pharmacological intervention to assess the role of neurotransmitters in recognition memory.
Parkinson's disease (PD) causes chronic disability and is the second most common neurodegenerative condition. This poster outlines the neurobiology of the disease, as well as highlighting current therapeutic treatments for symptomatic PD, and emerging therapeutic strategies to delay PD onset and progression.
Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric disorder that affects 1% of the worldwide population. This poster describes the neurobiology of Schizophrenia, as well as highlighting the genetic and environmental factors that play a fundamental role in the etiology of the disease. The current and emerging drug targets are also discussed.