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Biological Activity for CC4
CC4 is a high affinity and subtype selective α6β2 and α4β2 partial agonist (Ki values are 12 and 26nM for rat α6β2 and α4β2 receptors respectively). Has low affinity for α3β4 and α7 receptors (Ki values are 4.8 and 13 μM for human α3β4 and rat α7 receptors respectively). Stimulates dopamine release from striatal slices in vitro. Attenuates nicotine-induced self-administration and conditional place preference in rats.
Technical Data for CC4
|Storage||Store at +4°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
Solubility Data for CC4
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions for CC4
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 406.52. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||2.46 mL||12.3 mL||24.6 mL|
|5 mM||0.49 mL||2.46 mL||4.92 mL|
|10 mM||0.25 mL||1.23 mL||2.46 mL|
|50 mM||0.05 mL||0.25 mL||0.49 mL|
References for CC4
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Sala et al (2013) CC4, a dimer of cytisine, is a selective partial agonist at α4β2/α6β2 nAChR with improved selectivity for tobacco smoking c Br.J.Pharmacol. 168 835 PMID: 22957729
Riganti et al (2005) Long-term exposure to the new nicotinic antagonist 1,2-bisN-cytisinylethane upregulates nicotinic receptor subtypes of SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells. Br.J.Pharmacol. 146 1096 PMID: 16273122
Carbonnelle et al (2003) Nitrogen substitution modifies the activity of cytisine on neuronal nicotinic receptor subtypes. Eur.J.Pharmacol. 471 85 PMID: 12818695
If you know of a relevant reference for CC4, please let us know.
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Keywords: CC4, CC4 supplier, CC4, high, affinity, subtype, selective, partial, agonist, acetylcholine, nicotinic, receptors, alpha4beta2, a4b2, α4β2, alpha6beta3, a6b3, α6β3, Nicotinic, (a4b2), Receptors, (Other, Subtypes), 5236, Tocris Bioscience
Citations for CC4
Citations are publications that use Tocris products.
Currently there are no citations for CC4. Do you know of a great paper that uses CC4 from Tocris? Please let us know.
Reviews for CC4
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* your copy today!
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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a degenerative brain disease and the most common cause of dementia, affecting approximately 47 million people worldwide. Updated in 2015, this poster summarizes the structural and functional changes observed in the progression of this neurodegenerative disease, as well as classic AD drug targets.
Peripheral sensitization is the reduction in the threshold of excitability of sensory neurons that results in an augmented response to a given external stimulus. This poster outlines the excitatory and inhibitory signaling pathways involved in modulation of peripheral sensitization. The role of ion channels, GPCRs, neurotrophins, and cytokines in sensory neurons are also described.