Inhibitor of neuronal voltage-gated Na+ channels. Exhibits anticonvulsant activity. Potentiates GABA-induced Cl- currents in HEK 293 cells expressing the GABAA receptor α1β2γ2 subtype combination. Can induce autophagy by inhibiting inositol synthesis. Also delays disease onset and prolongs survival in a mouse amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) model, as well as reducing motor neuron loss and altered muscle morphology.
|Storage||Store at +4°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 236.27. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to solvent of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||4.23 mL||21.16 mL||42.32 mL|
|5 mM||0.85 mL||4.23 mL||8.46 mL|
|10 mM||0.42 mL||2.12 mL||4.23 mL|
|50 mM||0.08 mL||0.42 mL||0.85 mL|
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Granger et al (1995) Modulation of the gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptor by the antiepileptic drugs carbamazepine and phenytoin. Mol.Pharmacol. 47 1189 PMID: 7603459
Afanas'ev et al (1999) Lamotrigine and carbamazepine affect differently the release of D-[3H] aspartate from mouse cerebral cortex slices: involvement of NO. Neurochem.Res. 24 1153 PMID: 10485587
Lipkind and Fozzard (2010) Molecular model of anticonvulsant drug binding to the voltage-gated sodium channel inner pore. Mol.Pharmacol. 78 631 PMID: 20643904
Sarkar et al (2009) Rapamycin and mTOR-independent autophagy inducers ameliorate toxicity of polyglutamine-expanded huntingtin and related proteinopathies. Cell Death Differ. 16 46 PMID: 18636076
Galluzzi et al (2017) Pharmacological modulation of autophagy: therapeutic potential and persisting obstacles. Nat.Rev.Drug.Discov. 16 487 PMID: 28529316
Zhang et al (2018) Repurposing carbamazepine for the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in SOD1-G93A mouse model. CNS Neurosci.Ther. PMID: 29656576
If you know of a relevant reference for Carbamazepine, please let us know.
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Keywords: Carbamazepine, Carbamazepine supplier, sodium, Na+, channels, GABAA, ligands, inhibits, inhibitors, anticonvulsants, CBZ, Voltage-gated, Sodium, Channels, Autophagy, 4098, Tocris Bioscience
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* or download your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.
Epilepsy is a brain disease that affects 60 million people globally. More than 20 anti-seizure drugs are currently available, but these do not address the underlying causes of the condition. This poster summarizes current knowledge about the development of the condition and highlights some approaches that have disease-modifying effects in proof-of-concept studies.