Actinomycin D

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Cat.No. 1229 - Actinomycin D | C62H86N12O16 | CAS No. 50-76-0
Description: Inhibits RNA polymerase
Chemical Name: 2-Amino-(N,N)-1-bis(hexadecahydro-6,13-diisopropyl-2,5,9-trimethyl-1,4,7,11,14-pentaoxo-1H-pyrrolo[2,1]-[1,4,7,10,13] oxatetraazacyclohexadecin-10-yl)-4,6-dimethyl-3-oxo-3H-phenoxazine-1,9-dicarboxamide
Purity: ≥98% (HPLC)
Datasheet
Citations (13)
Literature

Biological Activity

Anti-neoplastic antibiotic. Inhibits RNA polymerase and is a potent inducer of apoptosis.

Technical Data

M. Wt 1255.43
Formula C62H86N12O16
Storage Desiccate at +4°C
Purity ≥98% (HPLC)
CAS Number 50-76-0
PubChem ID 2019
InChI Key RJURFGZVJUQBHK-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Smiles CC(C)C1NC(=O)C(NC(=O)C2=CC=C(C)C3=C2N=C2C(O3)=C(C)C(=O)C(N)=C2C(=O)NC2C(C)OC(=O)C(C(C)C)N(C)C(=O)CN(C)C(=O)C3CCCN3C(=O)C(NC2=O)C(C)C)C(C)OC(=O)C(C(C)C)N(C)C(=O)CN(C)C(=O)C2CCCN2C1=O

The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.

Solubility Data

Solvent Max Conc. mg/mL Max Conc. mM
Solubility
DMSO 62.77 50

Preparing Stock Solutions

The following data is based on the product molecular weight 1255.43. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to solvent of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.

Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 0.8 mL 3.98 mL 7.97 mL
5 mM 0.16 mL 0.8 mL 1.59 mL
10 mM 0.08 mL 0.4 mL 0.8 mL
50 mM 0.02 mL 0.08 mL 0.16 mL

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Product Datasheets

Certificate of Analysis / Product Datasheet
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Safety Datasheet

References

References are publications that support the products' biological activity.

Aktipis et al (1981) A kinetic study on the mechanism of inhibition of RNA synthesis catalyzed by DNA-dependent RNA polymerase. Differences in inhibition by ethidium bromide, 3,8-diamino-6-ethylphenanthridinium bromide and actinomycin D. Biochim.Biophys.Acta 655 278 PMID: 7025910

Glynn et al (1992) Apoptosis induced by actinomycin D, camptothecin or aphidicolin can occur in all phases of the cell cycle. Biochem.Soc.Trans. 20 84S PMID: 1634006

Jeeninga et al (1998) The mechanism of actinomycin D-mediated inhibition of HIV-1 reverse transcription. Nucleic Acids Res. 26 5472 PMID: 9826774


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13 Citations for Actinomycin D

Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for Actinomycin D include:

Podszywalow-Bartnicka et al (2014) Downregulation of BRCA1 protein in BCR-ABL1 leukemia cells depends on stress-triggered TIAR-mediated suppression of translation. Cardiovasc Res 13 3727 PMID: 25483082

Parker and Kooi (2014) Microplate-based screening for small molecule inhibitors of neuropilin-2/vascular endothelial growth factor-C interactions. J Biol Chem 453 42525 PMID: 24583243

Kang et al (2012) Loss of neuron-astroglial interaction rapidly induces protective CNTF expression after stroke in mice. J Neurosci 32 9277 PMID: 22764235

Cheang et al (2011) Endothelial nitric oxide synthase enhancer reduces oxidative stress and restores endothelial function in db/db mice. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 92 267 PMID: 21875904

Tian et al (2010) MEF-2 regulates activity-dependent spine loss in striatopallidal medium spiny neurons. Mol Cell Neurosci 44 94 PMID: 20197093

Wong et al (2009) Cyclooxygenase-2-derived prostaglandin F2alpha mediates endothelium-dependent contractions in the aortae of hamsters with increased impact during aging. Circ Res 104 228 PMID: 19096033

Backlund et al (2009) Posttranscriptional regulation of angiotensin II type 1 receptor expression by glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase. Nucleic Acids Res 37 2346 PMID: 19246543

Paukku et al (2008) p100 increases AT1R expression through interaction with AT1R 3'-UTR. Nucleic Acids Res 36 4474 PMID: 18603592

Chan et al (2007) Heat shock protein 60 or 70 activates nitric-oxide synthase (NOS) I- and inhibits NOS II-associated signaling and depresses the mitochondrial apoptotic cascade during brain stem death. Cell Cycle 282 4585 PMID: 17150954

Visavadiya (2016) Integrin-FAK signaling rapidly and potently promotes mitochondrial function through STAT3. Cell Communication and Signaling 14 32 PMID: 27978828

Di et al (2016) Acute Stress Suppresses Synaptic Inhibition and Increases Anxiety via Endocannabinoid Release in the Basolateral Amygdala. J.Neurosci. 36 8461 PMID: 27511017

Wang et al (2014) SynGAP regulates protein synthesis and homeostatic synaptic plasticity in developing cortical networks. PLoS One 8 e83941 PMID: 24391850

Gutierrez et al (2014) The anticancer agent di-2-pyridylketone 4,4-dimethyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (Dp44mT) overcomes prosurvival autophagy by two mechanisms: persistent induction of autophagosome synthesis and impairment of lysosomal integrity. J Biol Chem 289 33568 PMID: 25301941


Do you know of a great paper that uses Actinomycin D from Tocris? If so please let us know.

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