Selective κ/δ-opioid heterodimer receptor agonist (EC50 = 39.8, 112.5 and > 1000 nM for κ/δ, κ/μ and δ/μ respectively) that has no effect on opioid receptor homodimers (EC50 > 1000 nM). Displays tissue-specific analgesic effects in vitro.
|Storage||Store at -20°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 544.48. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to solvent of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||1.84 mL||9.18 mL||18.37 mL|
|5 mM||0.37 mL||1.84 mL||3.67 mL|
|10 mM||0.18 mL||0.92 mL||1.84 mL|
|50 mM||0.04 mL||0.18 mL||0.37 mL|
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Sharma et al (2001) Transformation of a κ-opoid receptor antagonist to a κ-agonist by transfer of a guanidinium group from the 5' to 6' position of naltrindole. J.Med.Chem. 44 2073 PMID: 11405645
Waldhoer et al (2005) A heterodimer-selective agonist shows in vivo relevance of G protein-coupled receptor dimers. Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 102 9050
Rozenfeld et al (2006) Heterodimers of G protein-coupled receptors as novel and distinct drug targets. Drug Discov.Today Ther.Strateg. 3 437
Rives et al (2012) 6'-guanidinonaltrindole (6'-GNTI) is a G protein-biased κ-opioid receptor agonist that inhibits arrestin recruitment. J.Biol.Chem. 287 27050 PMID: 22736766
If you know of a relevant reference for 6'-GNTI dihydrochloride, please let us know.
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Citations for 6'-GNTI dihydrochloride
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* or download your copy today!
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Peptides Involved in Appetite Modulation Scientific Review
Written by Sonia Tucci, Lynsay Kobelis and Tim Kirkham, this review provides a synopsis of the increasing number of peptides that have been implicated in appetite regulation and energy homeostasis; putative roles of the major peptides are outlined and compounds available from Tocris are listed.
The key feature of drug addiction is the inability to stop using a drug despite clear evidence of harm. This poster describes the brain circuits associated with addiction, and provides an overview of the main classes of addictive drugs and the neurotransmitter systems that they target.
Peripheral sensitization is the reduction in the threshold of excitability of sensory neurons that results in an augmented response to a given external stimulus. This poster outlines the excitatory and inhibitory signaling pathways involved in modulation of peripheral sensitization. The role of ion channels, GPCRs, neurotrophins, and cytokines in sensory neurons are also described.