PERK

PKR-like ER kinase (PERK, EIF2AK3) is an elF2α kinase that inhibits protein translation. PERK is a type one endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane protein which is involved in both the integrated stress response (ISR) and unfolded protein response (UPR).

Products
Background
Literature
Gene Data

Inhibitors

Cat No Product Name / Activity
5517 AMG PERK 44
Potent and selective PERK inhibitor; orally bioavailable
5107 GSK 2606414
Potent and selective PERK inhibitor; orally bioavailable

Other

Cat No Product Name / Activity
5796 Azoramide
Unfolded protein response (UPR) modulator
5284 trans-ISRIB
Integrated stress response (ISR) inhibitor
6336 Trazodone hydrochloride
Inhibits PERK/eIF2α-P-mediated reduction in protein synthesis; also 5-HT2A and α1 adrenoceptor antagonist

PKR-like ER kinase (PERK, EIF2AK3), EC 2.7.11.1, is a eukaryotic initiation factor 2α (elF2α) kinase that inhibits protein translation and is important in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response. PERK is localized to the ER and contains a stress-sensing domain that faces the ER lumen, a transmembrane segment, and a cytosolic kinase domain.

PERK plays an integral role in the unfolded protein response (UPR) and integrated stress response (ISR). The UPR and ISR are activated by a build-up of unfolded proteins in the ER and increase in cellular stressors such as hypoxia, respectively. Induction of these pathways activates PERK by inducing the dissociation of ER chaperones from the stress-sensing domain, resulting in PERK oligomerization and autophosphorylation. Upon activation PERK phosphorylates and inactivates eIF2α, which leads to a global reduction in protein synthesis. As well as suppressing global protein translation, the PERK-dependent inhibition of eIF2α also results in the upregulation of stress-response genes such as ATF4 and the pro-apoptotic protein CHOP (GADD153). This allows the build-up of unfolded proteins to be efficiently processed and promote cell survival during periods of cell stress.

PERK is a useful target for studying diseases associated with UPR and ISR dysfunction. ER stress, hypoxia and aberrant proteins synthesis are all important factors in many major disease states such as cancer, neurodegeneration and diabetes. PERK inhibition has been shown to induce apoptosis and autophagy pathways, therefore PERK inhibitors are potentially useful therapeutic tools for the inhibition of tumorigenesis.

Literature for PERK

Cancer

Cancer Research Product Guide

A collection of over 750 products for cancer research, the guide includes research tools for the study of:

  • Cancer Metabolism
  • Epigenetics in Cancer
  • Receptor Signaling
  • Cell Cycle and DNA Damage Repair
  • Angiogenesis
  • Invasion and Metastasis
Kinases

Kinases Product Listing

A collection of over 400 products for kinase research, the listing includes inhibitors of:

  • Receptor Tyrosine Kinases
  • Protein Kinases A, C, D and G
  • PI-3 Kinase, Akt and mTOR
  • MAPK Signaling
  • Receptor Serine/Threonine Kinases
Neurodegeneration

Neurodegeneration Product Guide

A collection of over 275 products for neurodegeneration research, the guide includes research tools for the study of:

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Huntington's disease
Learning & Memory

Learning & Memory Poster

Recognition memory enables us to make judgements about whether or not we have encountered a particular stimulus before. This poster outlines the cellular mechanisms underlying recognition memory and its links to long-term depression, as well as the use of pharmacological intervention to assess the role of neurotransmitters in recognition memory.

PERK Gene Data

Gene Species Gene Symbol Gene Accession No. Protein Accession No.
EIF2AK3 Human EIF2AK3 NM_004836 Q9NZJ5
Mouse Eif2ak3 NM_010121 Q9Z2B5
Rat Eif2ak3 NM_031599 NP_113787