Functionally selective muscarinic M1 receptor agonist (EC50 values are 0.3, 5, 42, 52 and 92.5 nM at M1, M3, M5, M4 and M2 receptors respectively). Displays a complex pharmacological profile: reversible and wash-resistant binding, resulting in full agonist activity at M1; delayed wash-resistant partial agonist activity at M2; and delayed wash-resistant full agonist activity at M4. Exhibits antipsychotic activity, and improves cognitive deficits and behavioral disturbances in Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia.
|Storage||Desiccate at +4°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
|water||3.71||10 with gentle warming|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 371.46. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to solvent of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||2.69 mL||13.46 mL||26.92 mL|
|5 mM||0.54 mL||2.69 mL||5.38 mL|
|10 mM||0.27 mL||1.35 mL||2.69 mL|
|50 mM||0.05 mL||0.27 mL||0.54 mL|
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Jakubik et al (2008) Importance and prospects for design of selective muscarinic agonists. Physiol.Res. 57 S39 PMID: 18481916
Heinrich et al (2009) Pharmacological comparison of muscarinic ligands: historical versus more recent muscarinic M1-preferring receptor agonists. Eur.J.Pharmacol. 605 53 PMID: 19168056
Stanhope et al (2001) The muscarinic receptor agonist xanomeline has an antipsychotic-like profile in the rat. J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther. 299 782
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Keywords: Xanomeline oxalate, Xanomeline oxalate supplier, Functionally, selective, M1, agonists, Muscarinic, Receptors, Acetylcholine, ACh, 3569, Tocris Bioscience
1 Citation for Xanomeline oxalate
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for Xanomeline oxalate include:
Tian et al (2016) STEP activation by Gαq coupled GPCRs opposes Src regulation of NMDA receptors containing the GluN2A subunit Scientific Reports 6 36684 PMID: 27857196
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* or download your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a degenerative brain disease and the most common cause of dementia, affecting approximately 47 million people worldwide. Updated in 2015, this poster summarizes the structural and functional changes observed in the progression of this neurodegenerative disease, as well as classic AD drug targets.
Learning & Memory Poster
Recognition memory enables us to make judgements about whether or not we have encountered a particular stimulus before. This poster outlines the cellular mechanisms underlying recognition memory and its links to long-term depression, as well as the use of pharmacological intervention to assess the role of neurotransmitters in recognition memory.
Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric disorder that affects 1% of the worldwide population. This poster describes the neurobiology of Schizophrenia, as well as highlighting the genetic and environmental factors that play a fundamental role in the etiology of the disease. The current and emerging drug targets are also discussed.