Prototypical dopamine agonist (pKi values are 6.43, 7.08, 7.59, 8.36 and 7.83 for human recombinant D1, D2L, D3, D4 and D5 receptors respectively). Produces biphasic effects on locomotor activity, and displays anti-Parkinsonian and neuroprotective actions following systemic administration in vivo.
|Storage||Store at RT|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 303.79. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to solvent of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||3.29 mL||16.46 mL||32.92 mL|
|5 mM||0.66 mL||3.29 mL||6.58 mL|
|10 mM||0.33 mL||1.65 mL||3.29 mL|
|50 mM||0.07 mL||0.33 mL||0.66 mL|
The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.
References are publications that support the products' biological activity.
Liu et al (1996) Low doses of apomorphine suppress operant motor performance in rats. Pharmacol.Biochem.Behav. 53 335 PMID: 8808141
Grunblatt et al (1999) Apomorphine protects against MPTP-induced neurotoxicity in mice. Mov.Disord. 14 612 PMID: 10435498
Millan et al (2002) Differential actions of antiparkinson agents at multiple classes of monoaminergic receptor. I. A multivariate analysis of the binding profiles of 14 drugs at 21 native and cloned human receptor subtypes. J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther. 303 791 PMID: 12388666
If you know of a relevant reference for (R)-(-)-Apomorphine hydrochloride, please let us know.
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Keywords: Dopamine agonists non-subtype-selective D2 D3 D4 Non-Selective Receptors D1 D5 dopaminergic Non-selective Dopamine
Citations for (R)-(-)-Apomorphine hydrochloride
Citations are publications that use Tocris products.
Currently there are no citations for (R)-(-)-Apomorphine hydrochloride. Do you know of a great paper that uses (R)-(-)-Apomorphine hydrochloride from Tocris? If so please let us know.
Literature in this Area
Dopamine Receptors Scientific Review
Written by Phillip Strange and revised by Kim Neve in 2013, this review summarizes the history of the dopamine receptors and provides an overview of individual receptor subtype properties, their distribution and identifies ligands which act at each receptor subtype. Compounds available from Tocris are listed.
Parkinson's disease (PD) causes chronic disability and is the second most common neurodegenerative condition. This poster outlines the neurobiology of the disease, as well as highlighting current therapeutic treatments for symptomatic PD, and emerging therapeutic strategies to delay PD onset and progression.