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Biological Activity for pep4c
pep4c is an inactive control peptide analog of pep2m, a peptide inhibitor of the interaction between the C-terminus of the GluA2 (AMPA receptor) subunit and N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion protein (NSF).
Active Analog also available.
Technical Data for pep4c
|Storage||Desiccate at -20°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
Solubility Data for pep4c
|Solubility||Soluble to 1 mg/ml in water|
References for pep4c
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Collingridge and Isaac (2003) Functional roles of protein interactions with AMPA and kainate receptors. Neurosci.Res. 47 3 PMID: 12941441
Luscher et al (1999) Role of AMPA receptor cycling in synaptic transmission and plasticity. Neuron 24 649 PMID: 10595516
Luthi et al (1999) Hippocampal LTD expression involves a pool of AMPARs regulated by the NSF-GluR2 interaction. Neuron 24 389 PMID: 10571232
Nishimune et al (1998) NSF binding to GluR2 regulates synaptic transmission. Neuron 21 87 PMID: 9697854
Noel et al (1999) Surface expression of AMPA receptors in hippocampal neurons is regulated by an NSF-dependent mechanism. Neuron 23 365 PMID: 10399941
If you know of a relevant reference for pep4c, please let us know.
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Keywords: pep4c, pep4c supplier, Inactive, control, peptide, 1595, Glutamate, AMPA, Receptors, iGlu, Ionotropic, GluR4cr, 1596, Tocris Bioscience
Citations for pep4c
Citations are publications that use Tocris products.
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.
The key feature of drug addiction is the inability to stop using a drug despite clear evidence of harm. This poster describes the brain circuits associated with addiction, and provides an overview of the main classes of addictive drugs and the neurotransmitter systems that they target.
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a degenerative brain disease and the most common cause of dementia, affecting approximately 47 million people worldwide. Updated in 2015, this poster summarizes the structural and functional changes observed in the progression of this neurodegenerative disease, as well as classic AD drug targets.
Major depressive disorder is characterized by depressed mood and a loss of interest and/or pleasure. Updated in 2015 this poster highlights presynaptic and postsynaptic targets for the potential treatment of major depressive disorder, as well as outlining the pharmacology of currently approved antidepressant drugs.
Epilepsy is a brain disease that affects 60 million people globally. More than 20 anti-seizure drugs are currently available, but these do not address the underlying causes of the condition. This poster summarizes current knowledge about the development of the condition and highlights some approaches that have disease-modifying effects in proof-of-concept studies.
Learning & Memory Poster
Recognition memory enables us to make judgements about whether or not we have encountered a particular stimulus before. This poster outlines the cellular mechanisms underlying recognition memory and its links to long-term depression, as well as the use of pharmacological intervention to assess the role of neurotransmitters in recognition memory.
Peripheral sensitization is the reduction in the threshold of excitability of sensory neurons that results in an augmented response to a given external stimulus. This poster outlines the excitatory and inhibitory signaling pathways involved in modulation of peripheral sensitization. The role of ion channels, GPCRs, neurotrophins, and cytokines in sensory neurons are also described.
Parkinson's disease (PD) causes chronic disability and is the second most common neurodegenerative condition. This poster outlines the neurobiology of the disease, as well as highlighting current therapeutic treatments for symptomatic PD, and emerging therapeutic strategies to delay PD onset and progression.
Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric disorder that affects 1% of the worldwide population. This poster describes the neurobiology of Schizophrenia, as well as highlighting the genetic and environmental factors that play a fundamental role in the etiology of the disease. The current and emerging drug targets are also discussed.