Endogenous adrenergic hormone and neurotransmitter. A classical stress hormone; underlies the fight or flight response, along with adrenaline. Increases heart rate. Vasoconstrictor.
|Storage||Store at +4°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 319.26. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to solvent of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||3.13 mL||15.66 mL||31.32 mL|
|5 mM||0.63 mL||3.13 mL||6.26 mL|
|10 mM||0.31 mL||1.57 mL||3.13 mL|
|50 mM||0.06 mL||0.31 mL||0.63 mL|
References are publications that support the products' biological activity.
Bunney et al (1965) Norepinephrine in depressive reactions. A review. Arch.Gen.Psychiatry. 13 483 PMID: 5320621
Lewitt et al (2012) Norepinephrine: the next therapeutics frontier for Parkinson's disease. Transl.Neurodegener. 1 4 PMID: 23211006
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2 Citations for Noradrenaline bitartrate
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for Noradrenaline bitartrate include:
Baj et al (2012) Physical exercise and antidepressants enhance BDNF targeting in hippocampal CA3 dendrites: further evidence of a spatial code for BDNF splice variants. Neuropsychopharmacology 37 1600 PMID: 22318196
Zemkova et al (2011) Norepinephrine causes a biphasic change in mammalian pinealocye membrane potential: role of alpha1B-adrenoreceptors, phospholipase C, and Ca2+. Endocrinology 152 3842 PMID: 21828176
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* or download your copy today!
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Major depressive disorder is characterized by depressed mood and a loss of interest and/or pleasure. Updated in 2015 this poster highlights presynaptic and postsynaptic targets for the potential treatment of major depressive disorder, as well as outlining the pharmacology of currently approved antidepressant drugs.