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GYKI 53655 hydrochloride
Non-competitive AMPA and kainate receptor antagonist. Analog of GYKI 52466 (Cat. No. 1454). Prolongs the survival time after MgCl2- induced global cerebral ischemia. Exhibits anticonvulsant activity. Also blocks GluK3 homomeric receptors (IC50 = 63 μM) and GluK2b(R)/GluK3 heteroreceptors (IC50 = 32 μM) at high concentrations.
|Storage||Desiccate at RT|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 388.85. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||2.57 mL||12.86 mL||25.72 mL|
|5 mM||0.51 mL||2.57 mL||5.14 mL|
|10 mM||0.26 mL||1.29 mL||2.57 mL|
|50 mM||0.05 mL||0.26 mL||0.51 mL|
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Paternain et al (1995) Selective antagonism of AMPA receptors unmasks kainate receptor-mediated responses in hippocampal neurons. Neuron 14 185 PMID: 7826635
Szabados et al (2001) Comparison of anticonvulsive and acute neuroprotective activity of three 2,3-benzodiazepine compounds, GYKI 52466, GYKI 53405, and GYKI 53655. Brain Res.Bull. 55 387 PMID: 11489346
Perrais et al (2009) Antagonism of recombinant and native GluK3-containing kainate receptors. Neuropharmacology 56 131 PMID: 18761361
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11 Citations for GYKI 53655 hydrochloride
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for GYKI 53655 hydrochloride include:
Buldyrev et al (2012) Synaptic pathways that shape the excitatory drive in an OFF retinal ganglion cell. J Neurophysiol 107 1795 PMID: 22205648
Murphy-Baum and Taylor (2015) The Synaptic and Morphological Basis of Orientation Selectivity in a Polyaxonal Amacrine Cell of the Rabbit Retina. J Neurosci 35 13336 PMID: 26424882
Falgairolle and O'Donovan (2015) Pharmacological Investigation of Fluoro-Gold Entry into Spinal Neurons. Pharmacol Res Perspect 10 e0131430 PMID: 26102354
Droste et al (2017) Ca2+-permeable AMPA receptors in mouse olfactory bulb astrocytes. Sci Rep 7 44817 PMID: 28322255
Astorga et al (2015) An excitatory GABA loop operating in vivo. Front Cell Neurosci 9 275 PMID: 26236197
Straub et al (2011) Distinct functions of kainate receptors in the brain are determined by the auxiliary subunit Neto1. Nat Neurosci 14 866 PMID: 21623363
Lu et al (2017) Slow AMPAR Synaptic Transmission Is Determined by Stargazin and Glutamate Transporters. Neuron 96 73 PMID: 28919175
Tang et al (2011) Neto1 is an auxiliary subunit of native synaptic kainate receptors. Cell Rep 31 10009 PMID: 21734292
Höft et al (2014) Heterogeneity in expression of functional ionotropic glutamate and GABA receptors in astrocytes across brain regions: insights from the thalamus. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 369 20130602 PMID: 25225096
Ben-Simon et al (2015) A Combined Optogenetic-Knockdown Strategy Reveals a Major Role of Tomosyn in Mossy Fiber Synaptic Plasticity. PLoS One 12 396 PMID: 26166572
Biase et al (2010) Excitability and synaptic communication within the oligodendrocyte lineage. J Neurosci 30 3600 PMID: 20219994
Do you know of a great paper that uses GYKI 53655 hydrochloride from Tocris? Please let us know.
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* your copy today!
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The key feature of drug addiction is the inability to stop using a drug despite clear evidence of harm. This poster describes the brain circuits associated with addiction, and provides an overview of the main classes of addictive drugs and the neurotransmitter systems that they target.
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a degenerative brain disease and the most common cause of dementia, affecting approximately 47 million people worldwide. Updated in 2015, this poster summarizes the structural and functional changes observed in the progression of this neurodegenerative disease, as well as classic AD drug targets.
Major depressive disorder is characterized by depressed mood and a loss of interest and/or pleasure. Updated in 2015 this poster highlights presynaptic and postsynaptic targets for the potential treatment of major depressive disorder, as well as outlining the pharmacology of currently approved antidepressant drugs.
Epilepsy is a brain disease that affects 60 million people globally. More than 20 anti-seizure drugs are currently available, but these do not address the underlying causes of the condition. This poster summarizes current knowledge about the development of the condition and highlights some approaches that have disease-modifying effects in proof-of-concept studies.
Learning & Memory Poster
Recognition memory enables us to make judgements about whether or not we have encountered a particular stimulus before. This poster outlines the cellular mechanisms underlying recognition memory and its links to long-term depression, as well as the use of pharmacological intervention to assess the role of neurotransmitters in recognition memory.
Peripheral sensitization is the reduction in the threshold of excitability of sensory neurons that results in an augmented response to a given external stimulus. This poster outlines the excitatory and inhibitory signaling pathways involved in modulation of peripheral sensitization. The role of ion channels, GPCRs, neurotrophins, and cytokines in sensory neurons are also described.
Parkinson's disease (PD) causes chronic disability and is the second most common neurodegenerative condition. This poster outlines the neurobiology of the disease, as well as highlighting current therapeutic treatments for symptomatic PD, and emerging therapeutic strategies to delay PD onset and progression.
Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric disorder that affects 1% of the worldwide population. This poster describes the neurobiology of Schizophrenia, as well as highlighting the genetic and environmental factors that play a fundamental role in the etiology of the disease. The current and emerging drug targets are also discussed.