Gallein

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Cat.No. 3090 - Gallein | C20H12O7 | CAS No. 2103-64-2
Description: Inhibitor of βγ signaling
Chemical Name: 3',4',5',6'-Tetrahydroxyspiro[isobenzofuran-1(3H),9'-(9H)xanthen]-3-one
Purity: ≥97%
Datasheet
Citations (11)
Literature

Biological Activity

Inhibitor of G protein βγ subunit-dependent signaling. Blocks PI 3-kinase and Rac1 activation in HL60 cells and chemotaxis in HL60 differentiated cells.

Technical Data

M. Wt 364.31
Formula C20H12O7
Storage Store at -20°C
Purity ≥97%
CAS Number 2103-64-2
PubChem ID 73685
InChI Key PHLYOKFVXIVOJC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Smiles OC1=CC=C(C(C(C=CC=C5)=C5C(O4)=O)4C(C=CC(O)=C3O)=C3O2)C2=C1O

The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.

Solubility Data

Solvent Max Conc. mg/mL Max Conc. mM
Solubility
DMSO 27.32 75
ethanol 3.64 10

Preparing Stock Solutions

The following data is based on the product molecular weight 364.31. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to solvent of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.

Select a batch to recalculate based on the batch molecular weight:
Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 2.74 mL 13.72 mL 27.45 mL
5 mM 0.55 mL 2.74 mL 5.49 mL
10 mM 0.27 mL 1.37 mL 2.74 mL
50 mM 0.05 mL 0.27 mL 0.55 mL

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Product Datasheets

Certificate of Analysis / Product Datasheet
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Safety Datasheet

References

References are publications that support the products' biological activity.

Lehmann et al (2008) Small molecule disruption of G protein βγ subunit signaling inhibits neutrophil chemotaxis and inflammation. Mol.Pharmacol. 73 410 PMID: 18006643

Ukhanov et al (2011) Phosphoinositide 3-kinase-dependent antagonism in mammalian olfactory receptor neurons. J.Neurosci. 31 273 PMID: 21209212


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Keywords: Gallein, supplier, inhibitors, inhibits, betagamma, signaling, G, Proteins, Heterotrimeric, G, Protein, (Heterotrimeric), Tocris Bioscience

11 Citations for Gallein

Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for Gallein include:

Salgado-Pabón et al (2013) Superantigens are critical for Staphylococcus aureus Infective endocarditis, sepsis, and acute kidney injury. MBio 4 PMID: 23963178

Ahmadiantehrani and Ron (2013) Dopamine D2 receptor activation leads to an up-regulation of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor via Gβγ-Erk1/2-dependent induction of Zif268. J Neurochem PMID: 23373701

Breshears et al (2012) A disintegrin and metalloproteinase 17 (ADAM17) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling drive the epithelial response to Staphylococcus aureus toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1). J Biol Chem 287 32578 PMID: 22833676

Meitzen et al (2011) β1-Adrenergic receptors activate two distinct signaling pathways in striatal neurons. J Neurochem 116 984 PMID: 21143600

Weber (2017) Activation of odorant receptor in colorectal cancer cells leads to inhibition of cell proliferation and apoptosis. PLoS One 12 e0172491 PMID: 28273117

Liu et al (2016) Activation of Adenosine 2A receptor inhibits neutrophil apoptosis in an autophagy-dependent manner in mice with systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Scientific Reports 6 33614 PMID: 27647162

Chung et al (2015) Albumin-associated free fatty acids induce macropinocytosis in podocytes. J Clin Invest 125 2307 PMID: 25915582

López-Cotarelo et al (2015) A novel MEK-ERK-AMPK signaling axis controls chemokine receptor CCR7-dependent survival in human mature dendritic cells. Inflamm Res 290 827 PMID: 25425646

Stott et al (2015) G-protein βγ subunits are positive regulators of Kv7.4 and native vascular Kv7 channel activity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 112 6497 PMID: 25941381

Sanz et al (2014) Promotion of cancer cell invasiveness and metastasis emergence caused by olfactory receptor stimulation. PLoS One 9 e85110 PMID: 24416348

Sikka et al (2014) Melanopsin mediates light-dependent relaxation in blood vessels. J Biol Chem 111 17977 PMID: 25404319


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