Exendin-4

Pricing Availability   Qty
Cat.No. 1933 - Exendin-4 | His-Gly-Glu-Gly-Thr-Phe-Thr-Ser-Asp-Leu-Ser-Lys-Gln-Met-Glu-Glu-Glu-Ala-Val-Arg-Leu-Phe-Ile-Glu-Trp-Leu-Lys-Asn-Gly-Gly-Pro-Ser-Ser-Gly-Ala-Pro-Pro-Pro-Ser-NH2 | CAS No. 141758-74-9
Description: Potent GLP-1 receptor agonist
Alternative Names: Exenatide, AC 2993
Datasheet
Citations (8)
Reviews
Literature (3)

Biological Activity

High affinity glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist (Kd = 136 pM); originally isolated from Heloderma suspectum venom. Potently induces cAMP formation without stimulating amylase release in pancreatic acini. Potentiates glucose-induced insulin secretion in isolated rat islets. Protects against glutamate-induced neurotoxicity.

Technical Data

M. Wt 4186.61
Formula C184H282N50O60S
Sequence HGEGTFTSDLSKQMEEEAVRLFIEWLKNGGPSSGAPPPS

(Modifications: Ser-39 = C-terminal amide)

Storage Desiccate at -20°C
CAS Number 141758-74-9
PubChem ID 16157882
InChI Key HTQBXNHDCUEHJF-XWLPCZSASA-N
Smiles [H]N[C@@H](CC1=CNC=N1)C(=O)NCC(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)C(=O)NCC(=O)N[C@@H]([C@@H](C)O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC1=CC=CC=C1)C(=O)N[C@@H]([C@@H](C)O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CO)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CO)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCCN)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(N)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCSC)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](C)C(=O)N[C@@H](C(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCNC(N)=N)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC1=CC=CC=C1)C(=O)N[C@@H]([C@@H](C)CC)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC1=CNC2=C1C=CC=C2)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCCN)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(N)=O)C(=O)NCC(=O)NCC(=O)N1CCC[C@H]1C(=O)N[C@@H](CO)C(=O)N[C@@H](CO)C(=O)NCC(=O)N[C@@H](C)C(=O)N1CCC[C@H]1C(=O)N1CCC[C@H]1C(=O)N1CCC[C@H]1C(=O)N[C@@H](CO)C(N)=O

The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.

Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.

Solubility Data

Solubility Soluble to 1 mg/ml in water

Product Datasheets

Certificate of Analysis / Product Datasheet
Select another batch:

References

References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.

Eng et al (1992) Isolation and characterization of exendin-4, an exendin-3 analogue, from Heloderma suspectum venom. J.Biol.Chem. 267 7402 PMID: 1313797

Goke et al (1993) Exendin-4 is a high potency agonist and truncated exendin-(9-39)-amide an antagonist at the glucagon-like peptide 1-(7-36)-amide receptor of Ins-Secr.g β-cells. J.Biol.Chem. 268 19650 PMID: 8396143

Thorens et al (1993) Cloning and functional expression of the human islet GLP-1 receptor. Demonstration that exendin-4 is an agonist and exendin-(9-39) an antagonist of the receptor. Diabetes 42 1678 PMID: 8405712

Perry et al (2002) Protection and reversal of excitotoxic neuronal damage by glucagon-like peptide-1 and exendin-4. J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther. 302 881 PMID: 12183643


If you know of a relevant reference for Exendin-4, please let us know.

View Related Products by Product Action

View all Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 Receptor Agonists

Keywords: Exendin-4, Exendin-4 supplier, Potent, GLP-1, receptor, agonists, Receptors, Glucagon-Like, Peptide, 1, AC2993, Ex4, Exenatide, AC, 2993, 1933, Tocris Bioscience

8 Citations for Exendin-4

Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for Exendin-4 include:

Jesinkey et al (2019) Mitochondrial GTP Links Nutrient Sensing to β Cell Health, Mitochondrial Morphology, and Ins. Secretion Independent of OxPhos. Cell Rep 28 759 PMID: 31315053

Pritchett and Hajnal (2012) Glucagon-like peptide-1 regulation of carbohydrate intake is differentially affected by obesogenic diets. Obesity (Silver Spring) 20 313 PMID: 22134200

Vallof et al (2019) Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptors within the nucleus of the solitary tract regulate alcohol-mediated behaviors in rodents. Neuropharmacology 149 124 PMID: 30772374

Tuesta (2017) GLP-1 acts on habenular avoidance circuits to control nicotine intake. Nat Neurosci 20 708 PMID: 28368384


Do you know of a great paper that uses Exendin-4 from Tocris? Please let us know.

Reviews for Exendin-4

There are currently no reviews for this product. Be the first to review Exendin-4 and earn rewards!

Have you used Exendin-4?

Submit a review and receive an Amazon gift card.

$50/€35/£30/$50CAN/¥300 Yuan/¥5000 Yen for first to review with an image

$25/€18/£15/$25CAN/¥75 Yuan/¥1250 Yen for a review with an image

$10/€7/£6/$10 CAD/¥70 Yuan/¥1110 Yen for a review without an image

Submit a Review

Literature in this Area

Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* or download your copy today!

*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.


GPCR

GPCR Product Listing

A collection of over 450 products for G protein-coupled receptors, the listing includes research tools for the study of:

  • Rhodopsin-like Receptors
  • Glutamate Receptors
  • Frizzled Receptors
  • GPCR Signaling
Peptide Hormone Receptors

Peptide Hormone Receptors Product Listing

A collection of over 200 products for peptide hormone receptors, the listing includes research tools for the study of:

  • Anterior Pituitary Regulation
  • Blood Pressure Regulation
  • Feeding and Appetite Regulation
  • Glucose Regulation
  • Peptide Hormone Processing
Peptides Involved in Appetite Modulation

Peptides Involved in Appetite Modulation Scientific Review

Written by Sonia Tucci, Lynsay Kobelis and Tim Kirkham, this review provides a synopsis of the increasing number of peptides that have been implicated in appetite regulation and energy homeostasis; putative roles of the major peptides are outlined and compounds available from Tocris are listed.