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Prototypical selective δ-opioid receptor agonist peptide. Inhibits electrically stimulated contraction of mouse vas deferens in vitro (EC50 = 5.2 nM), and is antinociceptive in vivo.
(Modifications: X = D-Pen, Disulfide bridge between 2 - 5)
|Storage||Desiccate at -20°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
|Solubility||Soluble to 1 mg/ml in water|
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Chandrakumar et al (1992) Analogs of the δ opioid receptor selective cyclic peptide [2-D-penicillamine,5-D-penicillamine]-enkephalin: 2',6'-dimethyltyrosine and Gly3-Phe4 amide bond isostere substitutions. J.Med.Chem. 35 2928 PMID: 1323677
Clark et al (1986) [D-Pen2,D-Pen5]enkephalin (DPDPE): a δ-selective enkephalin with low affinity for μ1 opiate binding sites. Eur.J.Pharmacol. 128 303 PMID: 3025000
Fraser et al (2000) Supraspinal antinociceptive response to [D-Pen2,5]-enkephalin (DPDPE) is pharmacologically distince from that to other δ-agonists in the rat. J.Pharmacol.Exp.Ther. 295 1135 PMID: 11082450
If you know of a relevant reference for DPDPE, please let us know.
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Keywords: DPDPE, DPDPE supplier, Selective, agonists, δ-opioid, delta-opioid, d-opioid, DOP, Receptors, OP1, delta-receptor, [D-Pen2,5]Enkephalin, [D-Pen2,D-Pen5]Enkephalin, Delta, Opioid, 1431, Tocris Bioscience
10 Citations for DPDPE
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for DPDPE include:
Leal et al (2013) Peripheral δ-opioid receptors attenuate the exercise pressor reflex. PLoS One 305 H1246 PMID: 23934854
Saloman et al (2011) Activation of peripheral δ-opioid receptors leads to anti-hyperalgesic responses in the masseter muscle of male and female rats. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 190 379 PMID: 21664434
Peart et al (2007) Impaired p38 MAPK/HSP27 signaling underlies aging-related failure in opioid-mediated cardioprotection. J Mol Cell Cardiol 42 972 PMID: 17407780
Morse et al (2013) Label-free integrative pharmacology on-target of opioid ligands at the opioid receptor family. BMC Pharmacol Toxicol 14 17 PMID: 23497702
Dunning et al (2016) Multisite tyrosine phosphorylation of the N-terminus of Mint1/X11α by Src kinase regulates the trafficking of amyloid precursor protein. J Neurochem 137 518 PMID: 26865271
Marti et al (2013) Acute and chronic antiparkinsonian effects of the novel nociceptin/orphanin FQ receptor antagonist NiK-21273 in comparison with SB-612111. Br J Pharmacol 168 863 PMID: 22994368
Largent-Milnes et al (2013) Building a better analgesic: multifunctional compounds that address injury-induced pathology to enhance analgesic efficacy while eliminating unwanted side effects. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 347 7 PMID: 23860305
Tsitoura et al (2015) Inhibition of Anopheles gambiae odorant receptor function by mosquito repellents. J Biol Chem 290 7961 PMID: 25657000
Niu et al (2011) Sex differences in the contribution of ATP-sensitive K+ channels in trigeminal ganglia under an acute muscle pain condition. Neuroscience 180 344 PMID: 21296645
Morse et al (2011) Ligand-directed functional selectivity at the mu opioid receptor revealed by label-free integrative pharmacology on-target. PLoS One 6 e25643 PMID: 22003401
Do you know of a great paper that uses DPDPE from Tocris? Please let us know.
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* or download your copy today!
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Peptides Involved in Appetite Modulation Scientific Review
Written by Sonia Tucci, Lynsay Kobelis and Tim Kirkham, this review provides a synopsis of the increasing number of peptides that have been implicated in appetite regulation and energy homeostasis; putative roles of the major peptides are outlined and compounds available from Tocris are listed.
The key feature of drug addiction is the inability to stop using a drug despite clear evidence of harm. This poster describes the brain circuits associated with addiction, and provides an overview of the main classes of addictive drugs and the neurotransmitter systems that they target.
Peripheral sensitization is the reduction in the threshold of excitability of sensory neurons that results in an augmented response to a given external stimulus. This poster outlines the excitatory and inhibitory signaling pathways involved in modulation of peripheral sensitization. The role of ion channels, GPCRs, neurotrophins, and cytokines in sensory neurons are also described.