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Decitabine is a cytosine analog that once incorporated into DNA acts as a suicide substrate for DNA methyltransferase. Inhibits DNA methyltransferase and results in DNA hypomethylation and activation of silent genes. Chemotherapeutic agent; suppresses growth of human tumor cell lines. Demethylates differentiation-related genes; reverses embryonic stem cell differentiation.
For more information about how Decitabine may be used, see our protocol:Highly Efficient Generation of CiPSCs from MEFs
Decitabine is also offered as part of the Tocriscreen 2.0 Max, Tocriscreen Epigenetics Library, Tocriscreen FDA-Approved Drugs and Tocriscreen Stem Cell Library. Find out more about compound libraries available from Tocris.
|Storage||Store at +4°C|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 228.21. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|0.5 mM||8.76 mL||43.82 mL||87.64 mL|
|2.5 mM||1.75 mL||8.76 mL||17.53 mL|
|5 mM||0.88 mL||4.38 mL||8.76 mL|
|25 mM||0.18 mL||0.88 mL||1.75 mL|
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Bender et al (1998) Inhibition of DNA methylation by 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine supresses the growth of human tumour cell lines. Cancer Res. 58 95 PMID: 9426064
Momparler (2005) Pharmacology of 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (decitabine). Semin.Hematol. 42 S9 PMID: 16015507
Jackson-Grusby et al (1997) Mutagenicity of 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine is mediated by the mammalian DNA methyltransferase. Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 94 4681
If you know of a relevant reference for Decitabine, please let us know.
Keywords: Decitabine, Decitabine supplier, DNA, methyltransferase, inhibitors, inhibits, Transferases, stem, cells, NSC127716, epigenetics, 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine, 2'-Deoxy-5-azacytidine, chemotherapeutics, NSC, 127716, Methyltransferases, 2624, Tocris Bioscience
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for Decitabine include:
Gu et al (2014) Runx1 regulation of Pu.1 corepressor/coactivator exchange identifies specific molecular targets for leukemia differentiation therapy. J Biol Chem 289 14881 PMID: 24695740
Kottakis et al (2016) LKB1 loss links serine metabolism to DNA methylation and tumorigenesis. Nature 539 390 PMID: 27799657
Vendetti et al (2015) Evaluation of azacit. and entinostat as sensitization agents to cytotoxic chemotherapy in preclinical models of non-small cell lung cancer. Genes Dev 6 56 PMID: 25474141
Trowbridge et al (2012) Haploinsufficiency of Dnmt1 impairs leukemia stem cell function through derepression of bivalent chromatin domains. BMC Cancer 26 344 PMID: 22345515
Wang et al (2012) Down-regulation of HtrA1 activates the epithelial-mesenchymal transition and ATM DNA damage response pathways. PLoS One 7 e39446 PMID: 22761798
Perera et al (2009) Relation of DNA methylation of 5'-CpG island of ACSL3 to transplacental exposure to airborne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and childhood asthma. PLoS One 4 e4488 PMID: 19221603
Do you know of a great paper that uses Decitabine from Tocris? Please let us know.
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The following protocol features additional information for the use of Decitabine (Cat. No. 2624).
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.
This product guide provides a review of the cell cycle and DNA damage research area and lists over 170 products, including research tools for:
Written by Susanne Müller-Knapp and Peter J. Brown, this review gives an overview of the development of chemical probes for epigenetic targets, as well as the impact of these tool compounds being made available to the scientific community. In addition, their biological effects are also discussed. Epigenetic compounds available from Tocris are listed.
Produced by Tocris and updated in 2014, the epigenetics research bulletin gives an introduction into mechanisms of epigenetic regulation, and highlights key Tocris products for epigenetics targets including: