Metabolite of clozapine (Cat. No. 0444). Activates human muscarinic designer receptors (DREADDs) in vitro. Silences hippocampal neurons expressing hM4 DREADDs in vitro. Activates Gs-linked DREADDS- AgRP in mice via intracerebroventricular (i.c.v) injection. Shown to be a P-glycoprotein (P-gp) efflux pump substrate. Other potent and selective hM3Dq DREADD agonists available: DREADD agonist 21 (Cat. No. 5548) and Perlapine (Cat. No. 5549)
|Storage||Store at RT|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
All Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only.
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
|ethanol||3.43||10mM with gentle warming|
Preparing Stock Solutions
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 342.82. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to solvent of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||2.92 mL||14.58 mL||29.17 mL|
|5 mM||0.58 mL||2.92 mL||5.83 mL|
|10 mM||0.29 mL||1.46 mL||2.92 mL|
|50 mM||0.06 mL||0.29 mL||0.58 mL|
The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.
References are publications that support the products' biological activity.
Eiermann et al (1997) The involvement of CYP1A2 and CYP3A4 in the metabolism of clozapine. Br.J.Clin.Pharmacol. 44 439 PMID: 9384460
Armbruster et al (2007) Evolving the lock to fit the key to create a family of G protein-coupled receptors potently activated by an inert ligand. Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A. 104 5163 PMID: 17360345
Zaman et al (2014) LMO4 is essential for paraventricular hypothalamic neuronal activity and calcium channel expression to prevent hyperphagia. J.Neurosci. 34 140 PMID: 24381275
Gomez et al (2017) Chemogenetics revealed: DREADD occupancy and activation via converted clozapine. Science 357 503 PMID: 28774929
Nakajima et al (2016) Gs-coupled GPCR signalling in AgRP neurons triggers sustained increase in food intake. Nat. Commun. 8 10268 PMID: 26743492
Roth et al (2016) DREADDs for Neuroscientists Neuron 89 683 PMID: 26889809
If you know of a relevant reference for Clozapine N-oxide, please let us know.
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2 Citations for Clozapine N-oxide
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for Clozapine N-oxide include:
D'Agostino et al (2016) Appetite controlled by a cholecystokinin nucleus of the solitary tract to hypothalamus neurocircuit. PLoS Biol 5 PMID: 26974347
Pina and Cunningham et al (2016) Ethanol-seeking behavior is expressed directly through an extended amygdala to midbrain neural circuit Neurobiology of Learning and Memory 137 83 PMID: 27866960
Do you know of a great paper that uses Clozapine N-oxide from Tocris? If so please let us know.