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Biological Activity for β-Estradiol
β-Estradiol is an endogenous estrogen receptor (ER) agonist (Ki values are 0.12 and 0.13 nM for ERα and ERβ respectively). Also high affinity ligand at membrane estrogen GPR30 receptors.
α-Estradiol also available.
Technical Data for β-Estradiol
|Storage||Store at RT|
The technical data provided above is for guidance only. For batch specific data refer to the Certificate of Analysis.
Tocris products are intended for laboratory research use only, unless stated otherwise.
Solubility Data for β-Estradiol
|Solvent||Max Conc. mg/mL||Max Conc. mM|
|ethanol||20.43||75 with gentle warming|
Preparing Stock Solutions for β-Estradiol
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 272.38. Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||3.67 mL||18.36 mL||36.71 mL|
|5 mM||0.73 mL||3.67 mL||7.34 mL|
|10 mM||0.37 mL||1.84 mL||3.67 mL|
|50 mM||0.07 mL||0.37 mL||0.73 mL|
References for β-Estradiol
References are publications that support the biological activity of the product.
Kuiper et al (1997) Comparison of the ligand binding specificity and transcript tissue distribution of estrogen receptors α and β. Endocrinology 138 863 PMID: 9048584
Thomas et al (2005) Identity of an estrogen membrane receptor coupled to a G protein in human breast cancer cells. Endocrinology 146 624 PMID: 15539556
If you know of a relevant reference for β-Estradiol, please let us know.
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5 Citations for β-Estradiol
Citations are publications that use Tocris products. Selected citations for β-Estradiol include:
Al-Khyatt (2018) Selective oestrogen receptor antagonists inhibit oesophageal cancer cell proliferation in vitro. BMC Cancer 18 121 PMID: 29390981
Seo et al (2019) A mechanical acupuncture instrument mitigates the endoplasmic reticulum stress and oxidative stress of ovariectomized rats. Integr Med Res 8 187 PMID: 31463191
Leal et al (2012) p130Cas over-expression impairs mammary branching morphogenesis in response to estrogen and EGF. PLoS One 7 e49817 PMID: 23239970
Hood et al (2016) Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate Oxidase-Mediated Redox Signaling and Vascular Remodeling by 16α-Hydroxyestrone in Human Pulmonary Artery Cells: Implications in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. Hypertension 68 796 PMID: 27402919
Pastore et al (2016) Identification of Differential ER-Alpha Versus ER-Beta Mediated Activation of eNOS in Ovine Uterine Artery Endothelial Cells. Biol Reprod 94 139 PMID: 27170438
Do you know of a great paper that uses β-Estradiol from Tocris? Please let us know.
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Literature in this Area
Tocris offers the following scientific literature in this area to showcase our products. We invite you to request* your copy today!
*Please note that Tocris will only send literature to established scientific business / institute addresses.